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Mayors
in Europe

By Andrew Stevens
Additional research: Tann vom Hove, Alidad Vassigh, David Garcia, Kevin Visdeloup, Sven Krüger, Michele Bondesan, Elena Collu, Zeljko Loncaric, Matej Travnicek

28 May 2012: A plethora of city leadership models exist across Europe, depending on history and political culture, though the challenges facing urban areas are mostly identical. While in France, Spain, Greece and Portugal the mayor is head of the party list on the council, in Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands mayors are appointed by the central government for a six-year term. In contrast to the elected mayors of Poland and Romania, in Finland, Ireland and Iceland the council is run by an appointed manager.

EUROPEAN UNION
| Austria | Belgium | Bulgaria | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Hungary | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Lithuania | Luxembourg | Malta | Netherlands | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden | United Kingdom |

OUTSIDE EU
Albania | Belarus | Bosnia & Herzegovina | Croatia | Iceland | Macedonia | Moldova | Norway | Russia | Serbia | Switzerland | Turkey | Ukraine |

EUROPEAN UNION (EU)
Austria
Around 2,400 municipalities in nine federal states
Mayors’ term of office:
five or six years, depending on state
Election: directly or indirectly elected, depending on state
Responsibilities: culture, health, social services, public order, roads & transport, social services, urban planning, water & sewerage, waste
Capital: Vienna's mayor also serves as governor of the state government under Austria's federal constitution.
Mayors:
Eisenstadt: Andrea Fraunschiel; ;
Graz: Siegfried Nagl
Innsbruck: Hilde Zach
Klagenfurt: Harald Scheucher
Linz: Franz Dobusch
Rust: Harald Weiss;
Salzburg: Heinz Schaden
VIENNA: Michael Häupl
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Belgium
589 municipalities in three regions
Mayors’ term of office:
six years
Election: indirect: appointed by central government on the recommendation of the municipality
Responsibilities: civil registration, public order, urban planning, water & sewerage, waste
Capital: the mayor of the City of Brussels (which governs the smaller city area only) should not be confused with the Minister-President ('prime minister') of the Brussels-Capital Region or the Governor of the Brussels-Capital Region (a ceremonial 'prefect')
Mayors:
Antwerp: Patrick Janssens
Bruges: Patrick Moenaert
BRUSSELS: Freddy Thielemans
Charleroi: Jean-Jacques Viseur
Ghent: Daniël Termont
Liége: Willy Demeyer
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Bulgaria
264 municipalities in 28 administrative regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, roads & transport, urban planning and construction, waste,
Capital: Sofia serves as both a city and region
Mayors:
Bozhurishte: Asparuh  Apsaruhov
Burgas: Dimitar Nikolov
Plovdiv: Slavcho Atanasov
Rousse: Bozhidar Yotov
Varna: Kiril Yordanov
SOFIA: Yordanka Fandukova
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Cyprus
33 municipalities (urban) and around 350 communes (rural) in nine administrative districts
Mayors’ term of office:
five years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: environmental protection, public health, urban planning, water supply, waste
Capital: Nicosia city
is capital of the Nicosia district
Mayors:
Larnaca:
Andreas Louroudjiadis
Limassol: Andreas Christou
NICOSIA:
Constantinos Yiorkadjis
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Czech Republic
Around 6,200 municipalities in 14 regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: agriculture, economy, education, social security, policing, urban planning, social security, water
Capital: the city-region of Prague appoints a mayor from the assembly of the 57 municipalities in the capital
Mayors:
Brno: Roman Onderka
Liberec: Martina Rosenbergova
Olomouc: Martin Novotny
Ostrava: Petr Kajnar
Plzeň: Martin Baxa
PRAGUE: Bohuslav Svoboda
(Additional contributor: Matej Travnicek)
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Denmark
98 municipalities in five regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: children, culture & leisure, education, waste
Capital: The Capital Region of Denmark consists of 29 municipalities, of which Copenhagen is the largest
Mayors:
Aarhus: Nicolai Wammen
COPENHAGEN: Frank Jensen
Esbjerg: Johnny Søtrup
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Estonia
39 cities and 202 municipalities in 15 counties
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, education, health, housing, social welfare, transport, urban planning, waste, water & sewerage
Capital: Tallinn is further divided into eight sub-districts, each with their own mayor
Mayors:
TALLINN: Edgar Savisaar
Tartu: Urmas Kruuse
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Finland
415 municipalities in six provinces
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council: the mayor is a civil servant appointed by the council to head its administration
Responsibilities: education, health, leisure and culture, roads & transport, (inc. ports) social services, urban planning, water & sewerage, waste
Capital: the Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council is a voluntary association to provide coordination between the four largest municipalities in the capital region
Mayors:
HELSINKI: Jussi Pajunen
Turku: Mikko Pukkinen
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France
36,569 municipalities (communes) in 22 regions
Mayors’ term of office:
six years
Election: indirect, mayor is head of party list in council election (if the mayor is appointed to another post in government, a deputy performs their duties)
Responsibilities: civil registration, culture, economy, education, environment, public order, roads, social welfare, urban planning
Capital: the Paris city council and the départment of Paris share the same boundaries, while the city is divided into 20 sub-districts
French Mayors
Aix-en-Provence: Maryse Joissains-Masini
Angers: Jean-Claude Antonini
Besançon: Jean-Louis Fousseret
Bordeaux: Alain Juppé
Brest: François Cuillandre
Dijon: François Rebsamen
Evry: Manuel Valls
Grenoble: Nichel Destot
Le Havre: Antoine Rufenacht
Le Mans: Jean-Claude Boulard
Lille: Martine Aubry
Lyon: Gérard Collomb
Marseille: Jean-Claude Gaudin
Montpellier: Hélène Mandroux
Montreuil-sous-Bois: Dominique Voynet
Nantes: Jean-Marc Ayrault
Nice: Christian Estrosi
Nîmes: Jean-Paul Fournier
PARIS: Bertrand Delanoë
Reims: Adeline Hazan
Rennes: Daniel Delaveau
Rouen: Valérie Fourneyron
Saint-Etienne: Maurice Vincent
Strasbourg: Roland Ries
Toulon: Hubert Falco
Toulouse: Pierre Cohen
(Additional research by Kevin Visdeloup)
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Germany
Around 14,000 municipalities in 16 federal states
Mayors’ term of office:
between five and nine years, depending on state
Election: directly or indirectly elected, depending on state
Responsibilities: culture, economy, education, fire, housing, roads, social welfare, waste, water
Capital: the city of Berlin (Popl. 3.4 million) is also a state (the mayor is minister-president) and is divided into 12 sub-districts, each with their own mayor.
Political parties: Social Democrats (SPD) centre-left; Christian Democrats (CDU) centre-right, Greens, environmental centre-left. German local government
Mayors:
Aachen: Marcel Philipp (CDU)
BERLIN: Klaus Wowereit (SPD)
Bielefeld: Peter Clausen (SPD)
Bochum: Dr Ottilie Scholz (SPD)
Bonn: Jürgen Nimptsch (SPD)
Bottrop: Bern Tischler (SPD)
Bremen: Jens Böhrnsen (SPD)
Cologne: Jürgen Roters (SPD)
Dortmund: Ullrich Sierau (SPD)
Dresden: Helma Orosz (CDU)
Duisburg: Adolf Sauerland (CDU)
Frankfurt: Petra Roth (CDU)
Freiburg: Dieter Salomon (Green)
Gelsenkirchen: Frank Baranowski (SPD)
Hagen: Jörg Dehm (CDU)
Hamm: Thomas Hunsteger-Petermann (CDU)
Hamburg: Olaf Scholz (SPD)
Heidelberg: Eckhart Würzner
Herne: Horst Schiereck (SPD)
Kiel: Torsten Albig (SPD)
Konstanz: Horst Frank (Green)
Krefeld: Gregor Kathstede (CDU)
Leipzig: Burkhard Jung (SPD)
Leverkusen: Reinhard Alfred Buchhorn (CDU)
Mönchengladbach: Norbert Bude (SPD)
Mülheim: Dagmar Mühlenfeld (SPD)
Münster: Markus Lewe (CDU)
Munich: Christian Ude (SPD)
Nuremberg: Ulrich Maly (SPD)
Oberhausen: Klaus Wehling (SPD)
Remscheid: Beate Wilding (SPD)
Solingen: Norbert Feith (CDU)
Tübingen: Boris Palmer (Green)
Wuppertal: Peter Jung (CDU)
(Additional contributor: Sven Krüger)
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Greece
900 municipalities (urban) and 131 communities (rural) in 13 regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirect, mayor is head of party list in council election
Responsibilities: agriculture, culture & leisure, economy, education, environmental protection, gas, housing, policing, public safety, urban planning, waste, water
Capital: The city of Athens is the largest municipality in Athens Prefecture, which though directly elected, performs a coordination function
Mayors:
Amaroussion: George Patoulis
ATHENS: Giorgos Kaminis
Chania: Kiriakos Virvidakis
Heraklion: Giánnis Kourákis
Rhodes: Hatzis N. Hatziefthimiou
Thessaloniki: Yiannis Boutaris
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Hungary
Around 3,100 units of local government: upper-tier counties, cities, towns and villages
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture, economy, education, environmental protection, fire, housing, roads & transport, urban planning water
Capital: Budapest also holds status as a county-level government but with 23 sub-districts within it
Mayors:
BUDAPEST: Istvan Tarlos
Debrecen: Lajos Kósa
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Ireland
80 towns and boroughs and five cities in four regions
Mayors’ term of office:
five years (council)
Election: mayors are appointed by the council for a year as ceremonial chair. The town/borough clerk is head of the administration but as a central government appointed civil servant
Responsibilities: housing, leisure, roads, urban planning / cities also: culture, fire, waste, water & sewerage
Capital: Dublin City Council, as with the other four cities in Ireland, enjoys the same competency as a county
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Italy
8,101 municipalities (communes) in 20 regions
Mayors’ term of office:
five years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture, economy, environment, policing, social services, urban planning
Capital: Rome's municipality is equal to all others in Italy but divided into 19 sub-districts also
Mayors:
Bari: Michele Emiliano
Bologna: Virginio Merola
Brescia: Adriano Paroli
Cagliari: Emilio Floris
Catania: Raffaele Stancanelli
Firenze: Matteo Renzi
Genoa: Marco Doria
Messina: Guiseppe Buzzanca
Milan: Giuliano Pisapia
Naples: Luigi di Magistris
Nuoro: Mario Demuru Zidda
Oristano: Angela Eugenia Nonnis
Padova: Flavio Zanonato
Palermo: Leoluca Orlando
Parma: Frederico Pizzarotti
Prato: Roberto Cenni
Reggio Calabria: Demetrio Arena
ROME: Ignazio Marino
Sassari: Gianfranco Ganau
Taranto: Ippazio Stefano
Turin: Pietro Franco "Piero" Fassino
Venice: Giorgio Orsoni
Verona: Flavio Tosi
(Additional contributors: Alidad Vassigh, Michele Bondesan, Elena Collu)
See also: Italian Mayors
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Latvia
530 municipalities in 26 regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: civil registration, culture, education, health, housing, public order, social services, transport, urban planning, waste, water
Capital: the region of Riga contains the city itself and the neighbouring city of Jurmala
Mayors:
Daugavpils: Rita Strode
RIGA: Janis Birks
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Lithuania
60 municipalities in 10 provinces
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: economy, education, environment, housing, transport
Capital: Vilnius is served by the city municipality and a district municipality (outer area), which are both in the county of Vilnius (province). The city is divided into 21 sub-districts
Mayors:
Kaunas: Andrius Kupcinskas
Klaipeda: Rimantas Taraskevicius
Panevezys: Povilas Zagunis
VILNIUS: Juozas Imbrasas
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Luxembourg
116 municipalities (communes) in three regions
Mayors’ term of office:
six years
Election: indirect: appointed by central government on the recommendation of the municipality
Responsibilities: culture, education, health, public order, urban planning
Capital: Luxembourg City is the largest municipality and capital of the Grand Duchy
Mayors:
Differdange: Claude Meisch
Esch-sur-Alzette: Lydia Mutsch
LUXEMBOURG: Paul Helminger
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Malta
68 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
three years
Election: mayors are appointed by the council for three years as president. The council secretary is head of the administration but as an appointed civil servant
Responsibilities: education, health, leisure, public order, roads
Capital: Valetta's city council is equal to all other councils in Malta
Mayors:
Mdina: Peter Dei Conti Sant-Manduca
Qormi: Jesmond Aquilina
Sliema: Dimech Nicholas
VALETTA: Alexiei Dingli
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The Netherlands
443 municipalities in 12 provinces
Mayors’ term of office:
six years
Election: indirect: appointed by central government on the recommendation of the municipality
Responsibilities: culture, education, health, housing, public order, social services, transport, urban planning
Capital: the City of Amsterdam is further divided into 15 sub-districts, while Rotterdam, the country's commercial capital, consists of 11 sub-municipalities, called 'deelgemeenten'.
Mayors:
AMSTERDAM: Eberhard van der Laan
Eindhoven: Rob van Gijzel

The Hague: Jozias van Aartsen
Rotterdam: Ahmed Aboutaleb
Utrecht: Aleid Wolfsen
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Poland
2,478 municipalities in 16 provinces
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture, education, environment, health, housing, social services, transport
Capital: Warsaw is the largest city in the Marsovia province
Mayors:
Gdansk: Pawel Adamowicz
Kraków: Jacek Majchrowski
Lódz: Jerzy Kropiwickni
WARSAW: Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz
Wroclaw: Rafal Dutkiewicz
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Portugal
308 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirect, mayor is head of party list in council election
Responsibilities: public works, urban planning (4240 communes provide culture, education, environment and health services on the same basis of election)
Capital: Lisbon Metropolitan Area consists of the city and 18 other municipalities for the purpose of inter-municipal cooperation
Mayors:
Faro: José Apolinário
LISBON: António Costa
Porto: Rui Rio
Viseu: Fernando Ruas
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Romania
319 cities and 2,686 communes in 41 counties
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, education, environment, housing, public order, transport, urban planning, water & sewerage, waste
Capital: Bucharest is both a city and a county further divided into six sub-districts each with their own mayor
Mayors:
BUCHAREST: Sorin Oprescu
Cluj-Napoca: Sorin Apostu;
Lasi: Gheorge Nichita
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Slovakia
2,891 municipalities in eight regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture, education, environment, health, social services, transport, water & sewerage
Capital: Bratislava is a region with five councils (Bratislava I-V) for the city which are divided into 17 sub-districts each with their own mayor
Mayors:
BRATISLAVA: Andrej Durkovsky
Kosice: Frantisek Knapik
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Slovenia
210 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: economy, education, environment, housing, public order, urban planning, waste & sewerage
Capital: Ljubljana is one of 11 municipalities with enhanced urban status
Mayors:
Kranj: Damijan Perne
LJUBLJANA: Zoran Jankovic
Velenje: Srecko Meh

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Spain
8,109 municipalities in 17 regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirect, mayor is head of party list in council election
Responsibilities: environment, roads, urban planning, water (larger units: culture, environment, fire, social services, transport, waste)
Capital: the city of Madrid is part of the autonomous region of Madrid, as well as other municipalities
Political parties:
The Spanish Socialist Worker´s Party (PSOE) is a center-left and social democractic party It has semi-autonomous groups or associations in various regions, so: PSdG/PSOE is the Spanish Socialist Party in Galicia; PSE-EE/PSOE is the Socialist Party Of Euskadi (Basque Country)-Euskadi Left; PSC/PSOE is the Socialist Party Of Catalonia; PSPV/PSOE is the Socialist Party Of Valencia, and PSM/PSOE is the Socialist Party Of Madrid All these groups belong to the PSOE, but with some autonomy
People´s Party (Partido Popular) Conservative and christian democratic party
United Left (IU) Eurocommunist party
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) Nationalist party of Galicia and close to socialism
Basque Nationalist Party (PNV) Nationalist party of Basque Country and christian democratic party
Convergence And Union (CIU) Nationalist party of Catalonia Also a christian democrat and liberal party
Canarian Coalition (CC) Nationalist party of Canary Island Also liberal party
New Canary (NC) Nationalist party of Canary Island Center-left party
Navarrese People´s Union Regionalist party of Navarra Liberal-conservative party
Aragonese Party (PAR) Regionalist party of Aragon Centrist party
Andalusian Party (PA) Social democract and nacionalist party of Andalusia
Spanish Mayors:
• Albacete: Carmen Oliver (PSOE)
• Alcalá de Guadaíra: Antonio Gutiérrez (PSOE)
• Alcalá de Henares: Bartolomé González (PP)
• Alcobendas: Ignacio García de Vinuesa (PP)
• Alcorcón: Enrique Cascallana (PSM/PSOE)
• Alcoy: Jorge Sedano (PP)
• Algeciras: Tomás Herrera (PSOE)
• Alicante: Sonia Castedo (PP)
• Almería: Luís Rogelio Rodríguez-Comendador (PP)
• Arona: José Alberto González (CC)
• Ávila: Miguel Ángel García (PP)
• Badajoz: Miguel Ángel Celdrán (PP)
• Baracaldo: Tontxu Rodríguez (PSE-EE/PSOE)
• Barcelona: Xavier Trias (CU)
• Benicasim: Francesc Colomer (PSPV/PSOE)
• Benidorm: Agustín Navarro (independent/non party)
• Bilbao: Iñzki Azkuna (PNV)
• Burgos: Juan Carlos Aparicio (PP)
• Cáceres: María del Carmen Heras (PSOE)
• Cádiz: Teófila Martínez (PP)
• Calahorra: Francisco Javier Pagola (PP)
• Calatayud: Víctor Ruiz de Diego (PSOE)
• Cartagena: María Pilar Barreiro Álvarez (PP)
• Castellón de la Plana: Alberto Fabra (PP)
• Ciudad Real: Rosa Romero (PP)
• Córdoba: José Antonio Nieto Ballesteros (PP)
• Cuenca: Francisco Javier Pulido (PP)
• Denia: Ana María Kringe (PP)
• Dos Hermanas: Francisco Toscano (PSOE)
• Écija: Juan Wic Moral (PSOE)
• Elche: Mercedes Alonso García (PP)
• Figueras: Santi Vila (CIU)
• Fuengirola: Esperanza Oña (PP)
• Fuenlabrada: Manuel Robles (PSM/PSOE)
• Gandía: José Manuel Orengo (PSPV/PSOE)
• Getafe: Pedro Castro (PSM/PSOE)
• Getxo: Imanol Landa (PNV)
• Gijón: María Paz Fernández (PSOE)
• Girona: Anna Pagans (PSC/PSOE)
• Granada: José Torres (PP)
• Granollers: Josep Mayoral (PSC/PSOE)
• Guadalajara: Antonio Román Jasanada (PP)
• Huelva: Pedro Rodríguez (PP)
• Huesca: Fernando Elboj (PSOE)
• Ibiza: Lurdes Costa (PSOE)
• Irún: José Antonio Santano (PSE-EE/PSOE)
• Jaén: Carmen Peñalver (PSOE)
• Jerez de la Frontera: Pilar Sánchez (PSOE)
• La Coruña: Carlos Negreira Souto (PP)
• Las Palmas de Gran Canaria: Juan José Cardona González (PP)
• Leganés: Rafael Gómez (PSM/PSOE)
• León: Francisco Fernández (PSOE)
• Lleida: Ángel Ros (PSC/PSOE)
• Logroño: Tomás Santos (PSOE)
• Lugo: José Clemente López Orozco (PSdG/PSOE)
• MADRID: Ana Botella (PP)
• Mahón: Vicenç Tur (PSOE)
• Majadahonda: Narciso de Foxá (PP)
• Málaga: Francisco de la Torre (PP)
• Marbella: Ángeles Muñoz (PP)
• Mérida: José Ángel Calle (PSOE)
• Miranda de Ebro: Fernando Campo (PSOE)
• Móstoles: Esteban Parro (PP)
• Motril: Carlos Rojas (PP)
• Murcia: Miguel Ángel Cámara (PP)
• Orense: Francisco Rodríguez (PSdG/PSOE)
• Orihuela: Mónica Lorente (PP)
• Oviedo: Gabino de Lorenzo (PP)
• Palencia: Heliodoro Gallego (PSOE)
• Palma de Mallorca: Mateo Isern Estela (PP)
• Pamplona: Yolanda Barcina (UPN)
• Parla: José María Fraile (PSM/PSOE)
• Ponferrada: Carlos López Riesco (PP)
• Pontevedra: Miguel Anxo Fernández (BNG)
• Puertollano: Joaquín Carlos Hermoso (PSOE)
• Reus: Lluís Miquel Pérez (PSC/PSOE)
• Sabadell: Manuel Bustos (PSC/PSOE)
• Salamanca: Julián Lanzarote (PP)
• San Cristóbal de la Laguna: Fernando Clavijo (CC)
• San Sebastián: Odón Elorza (PSE-EE/PSOE)
• Santa Cruz de Tenerife: José Manuel Bermúdez Esparza (CC-PNC-CCN)
• Santander: Iñigo de la Serna (PP)
• Santiago de Compostela: Xosé Sánchez Bugallo (PSdG/PSOE)
• Segovia: Pedro Arahuetes (PP)
• Sevilla: Juan Ignacio Zoido Alvarez (PP)
• Soria: Carlos Martínez (PSOE)
• Talavera de la Reina: José Francisco Rivas (PSOE)
• Tarragona: Josep Ballesteros (PSC/PSOE)
• Tarrasa: Pere Navarro (PSC/PSOE)
• Telde: Aureliano Francisco Santiago (NC)
• Teruel: Miguel Ferrer (PAR)
• Toledo: Emiliano García-Page (PSOE)
• Torrelavega: Blanca Rosa Gómez Morante (PSOE)
• Torrente: María José Catalá (PP)
• Torrevieja: Pedro Hernández (PP)
• Utrera: Francisco Jiménez (PA)
• Valencia: Rita Barberá Nolla (PP)
• Valladolid: Francisco Javier León de la Riva (PP)
• Vigo: Abel Caballero (PSdG/PSOE)
• Vitoria: Javier Ignacio Maroto Aranzábal (PP)
• Zamora: Rosa María Valdeón (PP)
• Zaragoza: Juan Alberto Belloch (PSOE)
• Autonomous City Of Ceuta: Juan Jesús Vivas (PP)
• Autonomous City Of Melilla: Juan José Imbroda (PP)
(The information on Spain's political parties and mayors was provided by David Garcia)

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Sweden
290 municipalities in 21 counties
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: education, environment, health, roads & transport, social services, urban planning, waste, water
Capital: the city of Stockholm is one of 26 municipalities in Stockholm County and is divided into 14 appointed sub-districts
Mayors:
Gothenburg: Anneli Hulthén
Malmö: Ilmar Reepalu
STOCKHOLM: Sten Nordin
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United Kingdom
England 284 municipalities and 124 single-tier authorities in nine regions (from 2009); Scotland 32 municipalities; Wales 22 municipalities; Northern Ireland 26 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: 'leaders' indirectly by council; 12 directly elected mayors in England
Responsibilities: environment, housing, leisure, urban planning, waste (single tier: also culture, education, roads & transport, social services)
Capital: Greater London (Popl. 7.1 million) is divided into 33 single-tier boroughs (three with elected mayor)
Mayors:
Birmingham: Mike Whitby
Bristol: George Ferguson
Doncaster: Peter Davies
Hartlepool: Stuart Drummond
Lewisham: Steve Bullock
Liverpool: Joe Anderson
LONDON: Boris Johnson
Manchester: Richard Leese
Middlesbrough: Ray Mallon
Newham: Robin Wales
Watford: Dorothy Thornhill
Full list of English mayors
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OUTSIDE EU
Albania

309 communes and 65 municipalities in 12 counties
Mayors' term of office:
three years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, education, environment, planning, public health, roads, welfare
Capital: Tirana is capital of the district and county, which are larger entities than the city.
Mayors:
Durres: Vangjush Dako
Elbasan: Qazim Sejdini
Lipkovo: Bekir Sakipi
TIRANA: Edi Rama
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Belarus
118 districts, 102 cities and 108 towns in six provinces
Mayors' term of office:
indefinite
Election: appointed by president on advice of city council
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, economy, education, environment, health, housing, planning, transport, waste, welfare
Capital: Minsk is a self-rule city and is also capital of the Minsk Province.  It is further divided into nine districts for administrative purposes.
Mayors:
Brest: Alexander Palishenko
MINSK: Mikhail Pavlov
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors


Bosnia and Herzegovina
142 municipalities in two republics
Mayors' term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: n/a
Capital: Sarajevo is de jure capital of both republics as well as the Sarajevo canton.  In addition to the city council there are four municipalities, including Sarajevo Centre.
Mayors:
Brcko: Jasmin Imamovic
Doboj: Obren Petrovic
Mostar: Ljubo Beslic
SARAJEVO: Semiha Borovac
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors

Croatia
235 municipalities in 20 counties
Mayors' term of office:
four years
Election: indirect, mayor is head of party list
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, education, environment, fire, health, housing, planning, welfare
Capital: Zagreb is governed as a county, with nine towns and 25 municipalities.
Mayors:
Dubrovnik: Andro Vlahusic
Knin: Josipa Rimac
Osijek: Kresimir Bubalo
Pula: Boris Miletic
Rikeka: Vojko Obersnel
Sibenik: Ante Zupanovic
Slavonski Brod: Mirko Duspara
Split: Zeljko Kerum
Zadar: Zvonimir Vrancic
ZAGREB: Milan Bandic
(The information on Croatia's mayors was provided by Zeljko Loncaric
)
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors

Iceland
79 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirect, the municipality may choose to appoint a councillor as mayor or hire a council manager, for an indeterminate period
Responsibilities: education, electricity, environment, fire, social services, transport (inc. ports), waste, urban planning, water & sewerage
Capital: Reykjavik tends to appoint a councillor as mayor
Mayors:
Kópavogur: Gunnar Birgisson
REYKJAVIK: Jon Gnarr
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors

Macedonia
84 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture, economy, education, environment, social services, roads, water
Capital: Greater Skopje consists of 10 municipalities
Mayors:
Bitola: Vladimir Taleski
SKOPJE: Trifun Kostovski
Tetovo: Prof Dr Sadi Bexheti
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors

Moldova
917 communes, 60 cities and three municipalities in 32 districts and one territory
Mayors' term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: n/a
Capital: Chisinau is one of the three municipalities and is further divided into five sectors, each headed by a pretor appointed by the mayor.
Mayors:
Balti: Vasile Panciuc
Bender: Vyacheslav Kogut
CHISINAU: Dorin Chirtoaca
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors

Norway
430 municipalities in 19 counties
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly appointed by council
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, economy, education, health, social services
Capital: Oslo is both a municipality and a county and is divided into 15 sub-districts
Mayors
Bergen: Gunnar Bakke
OSLO: Fabian Stang
Trondheim: Rita Ottervik
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors


Russia
12,215 municipalities and two federal cities in 83 federal states
Mayors' term of office:
four years
Election: direct (St. Petersburg appointed)
Responsibilities: varies across the federation, according to negotiated charters, though most deal with education and the local environment.
Capital: Moscow, one of two federal cities, is divided into 123 districts, each with their own elected mayor. It is not part of the Moscow Oblast (state).
Mayors:
Ekaterinburg: Arkadiy Tchernetskiy
Kaliningrad: Alexandr Yaroshuk
Kazan: Ilsur Metshin

Moscow: Sergei Sobyanin
Novosibirsk: Vladimir Gorodetsky

St. Petersburg: Valentina Matviyenko
Vladivostok: Yevgeny Pushkaryov
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors


Serbia
200 municipalities and four cities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: education, electricity, social services, transport, urban planning, water
Capital: Belgrade is divided into 17 sub-districts, each with their own mayor
Mayors:
BELGRADE: Dragan Dilas
Novi Sad: Igor Pavlicic
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors

Switzerland
2,740 municipalities in 26 federal states
Mayors’ term of office:
variable by municipality
Election: indirectly by council (council president acts as ‘mayor’)
Responsibilities: education, energy, police, roads, social welfare, urban planning
Capital: the canton (state) of Berne consists of 26 districts and 398 municipalities, the city of Berne is the capital of the canton and Berne district
Mayors:
BERNE: Alexander Tschäppät
Geneva: Rémy Pagani
Zurich: Corine Mauch
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors


Turkey
923 districts in 81 provinces
Mayors' term of office:
five years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: education, health, planning, transport, welfare
Capital: The Metropolitan Municipality of Ankara is the political capital of Turkey and consists of the mayor and eight districts. It is also capital of the Ankara province.
Mayors:
Adana: Aytaç Durak
ANKARA: Melih Gökçek
Istanbul: Kadir Topbas
Konya: Tahir Akyürek
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors

Ukraine
29,904 municipalities in 25 provinces

Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: Culture, housing, economy, education, environment, social services, transport, urban planning, waste, water & sewerage
Capital: Kiev enjoys special status as an independent entity within the Ukraine's centralised system
Mayors:
Kiev: Leonid Chernovetskyi
Odessa: Eduard Gurwits
Sevastopol: Serhiy Kunitsyn
Please email us with the names of additional cities and mayors

Note: where possible common definitions (structures and responsibilities) have been provided




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