Mayors in Europe
and their powers

Research by Andrew Stevens, Tann vom Hove, Brian Baker, Sven Krüger

ON THIS PAGE: European mayors - powers and politics ||| European Union countries ||| Countries outside the European Union |||



FRONT PAGE
About us






ON OTHER PAGES
Women in US local government
World Mayors and politics
Voter turnout - an international comparison

Salaries of German mayors
Salaries of British mayors
Salaries of Japanese mayors

Largest cities in the world and their mayors (2017)
Largest cities with women mayors (2017)
Capital cities and their mayors (2017)

Mayors in Europe and their powers (2018)

Belgian Mayors (2018)
British Mayors (2018)
Canadian Mayors (2018)
French Mayors (2017)
German mayors (2018)
Italian mayors (2017)
Japanese mayors (2018)
Polish mayors (2017)
Spanish mayors (2018)
US mayors (2018)




WORLD MAYOR
PRIZE 2018

Nominate exceptional women mayors for the World Mayor Prize


The 2018 World Mayor Project is dedicated to women in local government. It features the achievements of women mayors from across the world and will honour the best of them.

Please nominate your candidate now

Women have fought prejudice and struggled for equal rights and opportunities for hundreds of years. They did it with courage and resolve. In the 20th and early 21st centuries, women have achieved success in many spheres previously reserved to or monopolised by men, but their contributions are still often undervalued and their potential not recognised enough. Only some 20 per cent of the world’s mayors are women.

The 2018 World Mayor Project aims to encourage more women to consider a career in local government and stand for political office.

Please nominate
exceptional women
mayors for the 2018
World Mayor Prize
and honours
.


European mayors:
Their powers and politics

8 January 2018: A plethora of city leadership models exist across Europe, depending on history and political culture, though the challenges facing urban areas are mostly identical. While in France, Spain, Greece and Portugal the mayor is head of the party list on the council, in Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands mayors are appointed by the central government for a six-year term. In contrast to the elected mayors of Poland and Romania, in Finland, Ireland and Iceland the council is run by an appointed manager. In Germany, mayors are directly elected as are all metro mayors in England. In many European countries mayors enjoy considerable powers and their responsibilities cover a wide array of day-to-day activities as well as longterm projects such as health, education, policing, environment and culture.


EUROPEAN UNION (EU)
AUSTRIA
2,100 municipalities in nine federal states
Mayors’ term of office:
five or six years, depending on state
Election: directly or indirectly elected, depending on state
Responsibilities: culture, health, social services, public order, roads & transport, social services, urban planning, water & sewerage, waste
Capital: Vienna's mayor also serves as governor of the state government under Austria's federal constitution.
Mayors:
Eisenstadt: Thomas Steiner; since 2011; centre-right
Graz: Siegfried Nagl; since 2003; centre-right
Innsbruck: Christine Oppitz-Plörer; since 2010; independent
Klagenfurt: Maria-Luise Mathiaschitz; since 2015; centre-left
Linz: Klaus Luger; since 2013; centre-left
Rust: Gerold Stagl; centre-left
Salzburg: Harald Preuner, since 2018, centre-right
VIENNA: Michael Häupl, since 1993, centre-left

BELGIUM
589 municipalities in three regions
Mayors’ term of office:
six years
Election: indirect: appointed by central government on the recommendation of the municipality
Responsibilities: civil registration, public order, urban planning, water & sewerage, waste
Capital: the mayor of the City of Brussels (which governs the smaller city area only) should not be confused with the Minister-President ('prime minister') of the Brussels-Capital Region or the Governor of the Brussels-Capital Region (a ceremonial 'prefect')
Mayors:
Antwerp: Bart de Wever, since 2013, nationalist-conservative
Bruges: Renaat Landuyt, since 2013, centre-left
BRUSSELS: Philippe Close, since 2017, socialist
Charleroi: Paul Magnette, since 2013, socialist
Ghent: Daniël Termont, since 2007, socialist
Liége: Willy Demeyer, since 1999, socialist
Mechelen: Bart Somers, since 2001, liberal
Full list of Belgian mayors

BULGARIA
265 municipalities in 28 administrative regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, roads & transport, urban planning and construction, waste,
Capital: Sofia serves as both a city and region
Mayors:
Bozhurishte: Asparuh  Apsaruhov
Burgas: Dimitar Nikolov, since 2007, centrist
Plovdiv: Ivan Totev, centre-right
Ruse: Plamen Stoilov, since 2011
Varna: Ivan Portnih, since 2013, centre-right
SOFIA: Yordanka Fandukova, since 2009, centre-right

CROATIA
555 municipalities in 21 counties
Mayors' term of office:
four years
Election: indirect, mayor is head of party list
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, education, environment, fire, health, housing, planning, welfare
Capital: Zagreb is governed as a county, with nine towns and 25 municipalities.
Mayors:
Dubrovnik: Mato Franković, National conservative
Knin: Marko Jelić, Independent
Osijek: Ivan Vrkić, Independent
Pula: Boris Miletić, since 2006, centre-left regional
Rikeka: Vojko Obersnel, since 2000, Social Democrat
Sibenik: Željko Burić, since 2013, centre-right
Slavonski Brod: Mirko Duspara, Independent
Split: Andro Krstulović Opara, since 2017, centre-right
Zadar: Branko Dukić, centre-right
ZAGREB: Milan Bandic, since 2005, centre-left

CYPRUS
30 municipalities (urban) and around 350 communes (rural) in nine administrative districts
Mayors’ term of office:
five years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: environmental protection, public health, urban planning, water supply, waste
Capital: Nicosia city is capital of the Nicosia district
Mayors:
Larnaca:
Andreas Vyras, since 2016, left-wing
Limassol: Nicos Nicolaides, since 2016, Social Democrat
NICOSIA:
Constantinos Yiorkadjis, since 2012

CZECH REPUBLIC
Around 6,258 municipalities in 14 regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: agriculture, economy, education, social security, policing, urban planning, social security, water
Capital: the city-region of Prague appoints a mayor from the assembly of the 57 municipalities in the capital
Mayors:
Brno: Petr Vokřál, since 2014, right-wing
Liberec: Tibor Batthyány, since 2014, right-wing
Olomouc: Antonín Staněk, since 2014, social-democrat
Ostrava: Tomáš Macura, since 2014, right-wing
Plzeň: Martin Zrzavecký, since 2014, social-democrat
PRAGUE: Adriana Krnáčová, since 2014, right-wing

DENMARK
98 municipalities in five regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: children, culture & leisure, education, waste
Capital: The Capital Region of Denmark consists of 29 municipalities, of which Copenhagen is the largest
Mayors:
Aarhus: Jacob Bundsgaard, since 2011, social democrat
COPENHAGEN: Frank Jensen, since 2010, social-democrat
Esbjerg: Johnny Søtrup, since 1994, liberal

ESTONIA
30 cities and 183 municipalities in 15 counties
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, education, health, housing, social welfare, transport, urban planning, waste, water & sewerage
Capital: Tallinn is further divided into eight sub-districts, each with their own mayor
Mayors:
TALLINN: Taavi Aas, since 2015, centre
Tartu: Urmas Kruuse, since 2014

FINLAND
313 municipalities in 19 regions. Four cities operate mayoral system.
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council: the mayor is a civil servant appointed by the council to head its administration
Responsibilities: education, health, leisure and culture, roads & transport, (inc. ports) social services, urban planning, water & sewerage, waste
Capital: the Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council is a voluntary association to provide coordination between the four largest municipalities in the capital region
Mayors:
HELSINKI: Jan Vapaavuori, since 2014, centre-right
Turku: Aleksi Randel, since 2010, centre-right

FRANCE
36,658 municipalities (communes) in 16 regions
Mayors’ term of office:
six years
Election: indirect, mayor is head of party list in council election (if the mayor is appointed to another post in government, a deputy performs their duties)
Responsibilities: civil registration, culture, economy, education, environment, public order, roads, social welfare, urban planning
Capital: the Paris city council and the départment of Paris share the same boundaries, while the city is divided into 20 sub-districts
Mayors
Aix-en-Provence: Maryse Joissains-Masini, since 2001, centre-right
Angers: Christophe Béchu, since 2014, centre-right
Besançon: Jean-Louis Fousseret, since 2001, centre-left
Bordeaux: Alain Juppé, since 2006, centre-right
Brest: François Cuillandre, since 2001, centre-left
Dijon: François Rebsamen, since 2001, centre-left
Grenoble: Eric Piolle, since 2014, green
Le Havre: Luc Lemonier, since 2017, centre-right
Le Mans: Jean-Claude Boulard, since 2001, centre-left
Lille: Martine Aubry, since 2001, centre-left
Lyon: Georges Képénékian, since 2017, centre-left
Marseille: Jean-Claude Gaudin, since 1995, centre-right
Montpellier: Philippe Saurel, since 2014, radical left
Montreuil-sous-Bois: Patrice Bessac, since 2014, communist
Nantes: Johanna Rolland, since 2014, centre-left
Nice: Christian Estrosi, since 208, centre-right
Nîmes: Jean-Paul Fournier, since 2001, centre-right
PARIS: Anne Hidalgo, since 2014, centre-left
Reims: Arnaud Robinet, since 2014, centre-right
Rennes: Nathalie Appéré, since 2014, centre-left
Rouen: Yvon Robert, since 2012, centre-left
Saint-Etienne: Gaël Perdriau, since 2014, centre-right
Strasbourg: Roland Ries, since 208, centre-left
Toulon: Hubert Falco, since 2001, centre-right
Toulouse: Jean-Luc Moudenc, since 2014, centre-right
Full list of French mayors

GERMANY
11,313 municipalities in 16 federal states
Mayors’ term of office:
between five and nine years, depending on state
Election: directly or indirectly elected, depending on state
Responsibilities: culture, economy, education, fire, housing, roads, social welfare, waste, water
Capital: the city of Berlin (Popl. 3.4 million) is also a state (the mayor is minister-president) and is divided into 12 sub-districts, each with their own mayor.
Parties: CDU = Christian Democratic Union, centre-right; CSU = Christian Social Union; right; SPD = Social Democrats; centre-left; FDP = Free Democrats; conservative-liberal; Green = Green Party; ecological centre-left
Mayors:
Aachen: Marcel Philipp, since 2009, (CDU)
Augsburg: Kurt Gribl, since 2008, (CSU)
BERLIN: Michael Müller, since 2014, (SPD)
Bielefeld: Peter Clausen, since 2009, (SPD)
Bochum: Dr Ottilie Scholz, since 2004, (SPD)
Bonn: Ashok Alexander Sridharan, since 2015, (CDU)
Braunschweig Ulrich Markurth, since 2014,(SPD)
Bremen:  Carsten Sieling, since 2015, (SPD)
Chemnitz: Barbara Ludwig, since 2006, (SPD)
Cologne: Henriette Reker, since 2015, (Independent)
Dortmund: Ullrich Sierau, since 2009, (SPD)
Dresden: Dirk Hilbert, since 2015, (FDP)
Duisburg: Sören Link , since 2012, (SPD)
Essen: Thomas Kufen, since 2015, (CDU)
Frankfurt:
Peter Feldmann, since 2012, (SPD)
Freiburg: Dieter Salomon, since 2002, (Green)
Gelsenkirchen: Frank Baranowski, since 2004, (SPD)
Hagen: Erik Schulz , since 2014, (Independent)
Halle: Bernd Wiegand, since 2012, (Independent)
Hamm:
Thomas Hunsteger-Petermann, since 1999, (CDU)
Hamburg: Olaf Scholz, since 2011, (SPD)
Hannover: Stefan Schostock, since 2013 (SPD)
Heidelberg:
Eckhart Würzner, since 2006 (Independent)
Herne: Frank Dudda, since 2015, (SPD)
Karlsruhe: Frank Mentrup, since 2013, (SPD)
Kassel:
Bertram Hilgen, since 2005, (SPD)
Kiel:
Ulf Kampfer, since 2014, (SPD)
Krefeld: Frank Meyer, since 2014, (SPD)
Leipzig: Burkhard Jung, since 2006, (SPD)
Leverkusen: Uwe Richrath, since 2015, (SPD)
Lübeck: Bernd Saxe, since 2000, (SPD)
Ludwigshafen:
Eva Lohse, since 2002, {CDU)
Magdeburg:
Lutz Trumper, since 2001 (SPD)
Mainz:
Michael Ebling, since 2012 ((SPD)
Mannheim:
Peter Kurz, since 2007 (SPD)
Mönchengladbach:
Hans Wilhelm Reiners, since 2014, (CDU)
Mülheim: Ulrich Scholten, since 2015, (SPD)
Münster: Markus Lewe, since 2009, (CDU)
Munich: Dieter Reite, since 2014, (SPD)
Nuremberg: Ulrich Maly, since 2002, (SPD)
Oberhausen: Daniel Schranz, since 2015, (CDU)
Rostock: Roland Methling, since 2005, (Independent)
Saarbrücken: Charlotte Britz, since 2004, (SPD)
Solingen:
Tim Kurzbach, since 2015, (SPD)
Stuttgart: Fritz Kuhn, since 2012, (Green)
Tübingen:
Boris Palmer, since 2007, (Green)
Wiesbaden: Sven Gerich, since 2013. (SPD)
Wuppertal:
Andreas Mucke, since 2015, (SPD)
Full list of German mayors
German mayors' salaries

GREECE
325 municipalities in 13 regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirect, mayor is head of party list in council election
Responsibilities: agriculture, culture & leisure, economy, education, environmental protection, gas, housing, policing, public safety, urban planning, waste, water
Capital: The city of Athens is the largest municipality in Athens Prefecture, which though directly elected, performs a coordination function
Mayors:
Amaroussion: George Patoulis, since 2011, centre-right
ATHENS: Giorgos Kaminis, since 2010, centre-left
Chania: Tasos Vamvoukas
Heraklion: Vasilis Labrinos
Thessaloniki: Yiannis Boutaris, since 2011, independent

HUNGARY
3,201 units of local government: upper-tier counties, cities, towns and villages
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture, economy, education, environmental protection, fire, housing, roads & transport, urban planning water
Capital: Budapest also holds status as a county-level government but with 23 sub-districts within it
Mayors:
BUDAPEST: Istvan Tarlos, since 2010, rightist
Debrecen: László Papp, rightist

IRELAND
31 local government areas
Mayors’ term of office:
five years (council)
Election: mayors are appointed by the council for a year as ceremonial chair. The town/borough clerk is head of the administration but as a central government appointed civil servant
Responsibilities: housing, leisure, roads, urban planning / cities also: culture, fire, waste, water & sewerage
Capital: Dublin City Council, as with the other four cities in Ireland, enjoys the same competency as a county
DUBLIN: Mícheál Éamonn Mac Donncha (Lord Mayor), since 2017, Sinn Fein

ITALY
8,006 municipalities (communes) in 20 regions
Mayors’ term of office:
five years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture, economy, environment, policing, social services, urban planning
Capital: Rome's municipality is equal to all others in Italy but divided into 19 sub-districts also
Mayors:
Bari: Antonio Decaro, since 2014, centre-left
Bologna: Virginio Merola, since 2011, centre-left
Brescia: Emilio Del Bono, since 2013, centre-left
Cagliari: Massimo Zedda, since 2016, green
Catania: Massimo Zedda, since 2013, independent
Firenze: Dario Nardella, since 2014, centre-left
Genoa: Marco Bucci, since 2017, centre-right
Messina: Renato Accorinti, since 2013, independent
Milan: Giuseppe Sala, since 2016, centre-left
Naples: Luigi di Magistris, since 2011, independent
Novara: Alessandro Canelli, since 2016, centre-right
Padova: Sergio Giordani, since 2017, centre-left
Palermo: Leoluca Orlando, since 2011, independent
Parma: Frederico Pizzarotti, since 2012, independent
Prato: Roberto Cenni
Ravenna: Michele De Pascale, since 2016, centre-left
Reggio Calabria: Giuseppe Falcomata, since 2014, centre-left
Rimini: Andrea Grassi, since 2011, centre-left
ROME:
Virginia Elena Raggi, since 2016, populist
Salerno: Vincenzo Napoli, since 2015, independent left
Sassari
: Nicola Sanna, since 2014, centre-left
Taranto: Rinaldo Melucci, since 2017, centre-left
Trieste: Roberto Dipiazza, since 2016, centre-right
Turin:
Chiara Appendino, since 2016, populist
Venice: Luigi Brugnaro, since 2015, independent
Verona: Federico Sboarina, since 2017, centre-right
Full list of Italian mayors

LATVIA
119 municipalities in five administrative regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: civil registration, culture, education, health, housing, public order, social services, transport, urban planning, waste, water
Capital: the region of Riga contains the city itself and the neighbouring city of Jurmala
Mayors:
Daugavpils: Rihards Eigims
RIGA: Nils Ušakovs, since 2009, centre-left

LITHUANIA
60 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: economy, education, environment, housing, transport
Capital: Vilnius is served by the city municipality and a district municipality (outer area), which are both in the county of Vilnius (province). The city is divided into 21 sub-districts
Mayors:
Kaunas: Visvaldas Matijosaitis, since 2015, centre-right
VILNIUS: Remigijus Simasius, since 2015, liberal

LUXEMBOURG
105 municipalities (communes)
Mayors’ term of office:
six years
Election: indirect: appointed by central government on the recommendation of the municipality
Responsibilities: culture, education, health, public order, urban planning
Capital: Luxembourg City is the largest municipality and capital of the Grand Duchy
Mayors:
Differdange: Claude Meisch, since 2005, liberal
Esch-sur-Alzette: Vera Spautz, since 2013, centre-left
LUXEMBOURG: Lydie Polfer, since 2013, liberal

MALTA
68 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
three years
Election: mayors are appointed by the council for three years as president. The council secretary is head of the administration but as an appointed civil servant
Responsibilities: education, health, leisure, public order, roads
Capital: Valetta's city council is equal to all other councils in Malta
Mayors:
Mdina: Peter Dei Conti Sant-Manduca, since 2003, centre-right
Qormi: Rosianne Cutajar, socialist
Sliema: Anthony Chircop, since 2012
VALETTA: Alexiei Dingli, since 2012, centre-right

THE NETHERLANDS
390 municipalities in 12 provinces
Mayors’ term of office:
six years
Election: indirect: appointed by central government on the recommendation of the municipality
Responsibilities: culture, education, health, housing, public order, social services, transport, urban planning
Capital: the City of Amsterdam is further divided into 15 sub-districts, while Rotterdam, the country's commercial capital, consists of 11 sub-municipalities, called 'deelgemeenten'.
Mayors:
AMSTERDAM: Eberhard van der Laan
Eindhoven: John Jorritsma, since 2016, centre-right
The Hague: Pauline Christine Krikke, since 2017, centre-right
Rotterdam: Ahmed Aboutaleb, since 2009, Labour
Utrecht: Jan van Zanen, since 2014, centre-right

POLAND
2,479 municipalities in 16 provinces
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture, education, environment, health, housing, social services, transport
Capital: Warsaw is the largest city in the Marsovia province
Mayors:
Gdansk: Pawel Adamowicz, since 1998, centrist
Kraków: Jacek Majchrowski, since 2002, Independent
Lódz: Hanna Zdanowska, since 2010, centrist
WARSAW: Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz, since 2006, centrist
Wroclaw: Rafal Dutkiewicz, since 2002, Independent
Full list of Polish mayors

PORTUGAL
308 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirect, mayor is head of party list in council election
Responsibilities: public works, urban planning (4240 communes provide culture, education, environment and health services on the same basis of election)
Capital: Lisbon Metropolitan Area consists of the city and 18 other municipalities for the purpose of inter-municipal cooperation
Mayors:
Faro: Rogério Bacalhau, centre-right
LISBON: Fernando Medina Maciel Almeida Correia, since 2015, socialist
Porto: Rui de Carvalho de Araújo Moreira, since 2013, Independent
Viseu: Almeida Henriques, since 2013, centre-right

ROMANIA
320 cities and 2,861 communes in 41 counties
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, education, environment, housing, public order, transport, urban planning, water & sewerage, waste
Capital: Bucharest is both a city and a county further divided into six sub-districts each with their own mayor
Mayors:
BUCHAREST: Gabriela Firea, since 2016, centre-left
Cluj-Napoca: Emil Boc, since 2012, conservative-liberal
Lasi: Mihai Chirica, since 2016, centre-left

SLOVAKIA
2,930 municipalities in eight regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture, education, environment, health, social services, transport, water & sewerage
Capital: Bratislava is a region with five councils (Bratislava I-V) for the city which are divided into 17 sub-districts each with their own mayor
Mayors:
BRATISLAVA: Ivo Nesrovnal, since 2014
Kosice: Richard Raši, since 2010, centre-left

SLOVENIA
212 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: economy, education, environment, housing, public order, urban planning, waste & sewerage
Capital: Ljubljana is one of 11 municipalities with enhanced urban status
Mayors:
Kranj: Boštjan Triler
LJUBLJANA: Zoran Jankovic, since 2012, centre-left
Velenje: Bojan Kontič, centre-left

SPAIN
8,126 municipalities in 19 regions
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirect, mayor is head of party list in council election
Responsibilities: environment, roads, urban planning, water (larger units: culture, environment, fire, social services, transport, waste)
Capital: the city of Madrid is part of the autonomous region of Madrid, as well as other municipalities
Mayors:
Alcalá de Henares: Javier Rodriguez Palacios, since 2015, socialist
Alicante: Gabriel Echavarri, since 2015, socialist
Almería: Ramon Fernandez-Pacheco Montereal , since 2015, centre-right
Barcelona: Ada Colau Ballano, since 2015, left
Bilbao: Juan Maria Aburto, since 2015, Basque nationalist
Cartagena: Ana Belen Castejon Hernandez, since 2015, socialist
Castellón de la Plana: Amparo Marco Gual, since 2015, socialist
Córdoba: Maria Isabel Ambrosio Palas, since 2015, socialist
Elche: Carlos Gonzalez Serna, since 2015, socialist
Fuenlabrada: Manuel Robles Delgado, since 2002, socialist
Girona: Marta Madrenas, since 2016, Catalonian nationalist
Gijón: Carmen Moriyón Entrialgo, since 2011, centre-right regional
Granada:
Francisco Cuenca Rodriguez, since 2016, socialist
Jerez de la Frontera: Dona Maria del Carmen Sanchez Diaz, since 2015, socialist
La Coruña: Xulio Ferreiro, since 2015, left
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria: Augusto Hidalgo Marario, since 2015, socialist
Leganés: Santiago Llorente, since 2015, socialist
Lleida: Angel Ros Domingo, since 2004, Catalan socialist
MADRID: Manuela Carmena Castrillo, since 2015, centre-left
Málaga: Francisco de la Torre, since 2003, centre-right
Móstoles: David Lucas Parron, since 2015, socialist
Murcia, Jose Ballesta German, since 2015, centre-right
Oviedo: Wenceslao Lopez Martinez, since 2015, centre-left
Palma de Mallorca: Antoni Noguera Ortega, since 2017, centre-left
Pamplona: Joseba Asiron, since 2015, Basque socialist
Sabadell: Maties Serracant Camps, since 2017, Catalonian
San Sebastián: Eneko Goia Alkatea, since 2015, Basque nationalist
Santa Cruz de Tenerife: José Manuel Bermúdez Esparza, since 2011, Canarian nationalist
Santander: Gema Igual Ortiz, since 2016, centre-right
Sevilla: Juan Espadas, since 2015, socialist
Tarragona: Josep Ballesteros, since 2007, Catalan socialist
Tarrasa: Alfredo Vega Lopez, since 2017, Catalan socialist
Valencia:
Joan Ribó, since 2015, centre-left Valencian bloc
Valladolid:
Oscar Puente, since 2015, socialist
Vigo: Abel Caballero, since 2007, socialist
Vitoria: Gorka Urturan Agirre, since 2015, Basque nationalist
Zaragoza: Pedro Santisteve, since 2015, local party

SWEDEN
290 municipalities in 21 counties
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly by council
Responsibilities: education, environment, health, roads & transport, social services, urban planning, waste, water
Capital: the city of Stockholm is one of 26 municipalities in Stockholm County and is divided into 14 appointed sub-districts
Mayors:
Gothenburg: Britt Ann-Sofie Hermansson, since 2016, Social Democrat
Malmö: Katrin Stjernfeldt Jammeh, since 2013, Social Democrat
STOCKHOLM: Karin Björnsdotter Wanngård, since 2014, Social Democrat

UNITED KINGDOM
England 201 municipalities in 27 counties, as well as 125 single-tier authorities and nine city regional combined authorities (plus Greater London); Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland 65 municipalities;
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: 'leaders' indirectly by council; 16 directly elected mayors in England
Responsibilities: environment, housing, leisure, urban planning, waste (single tier: also culture, education, roads & transport, social services)
Capital: Greater London (Popl. 8.8 million) is divided into 33 single-tier boroughs (four with elected mayor)

Elected regional (metro) mayors
Cambridgeshire and Peterborough: James Palmer, since 2017, Conservative
Greater Manchester: Andy Burnham, since 2017, Labour
Liverpool City Region: Steve Rotheram, since 2017, Labour
LONDON: Sadiq Khan, since 2016, Labour
Tees Valley: Ben Houchen, since 2017, Conservative
West of England: Tim Bowles, since 2017, Conservative
West Midlands: Andy Street, since 2017, Conservative

Elected city mayors

Bedford
: Dave Hodgson, since 2009, Liberal Democrat
Bristol: Marvin Rees, since 2016, Labour
Copeland: Mike Starkie, since 2015, Independent
Doncaster: Ros Jones, since 2013, Labour
Hackney (London borough): Philip Glanville, since 2016, Labour
Leicester: Peter Soulsby, since 2011, Labour
Lewisham (London borough): Steve Bullock , since 2002, Labour
Liverpool (city): Joe Anderson, since 2012, Labour
Mansfield: Kate Allsop, since 2015, Independent
Middlesbrough: Dave Budd, since 2015, Labour
Newham (London borough): Robin Wales since 2002, Labour
North Tyneside: Norma Redfearn, since 2013, Labour
Salford: Paul Dennett, since 2016, Labour
Torbay: Gordon Oliver, since 2011, Conservative
Tower Hamlets (London borough): John Biggs, since 2015, Labour
Watford: Dorothy Thornhill, since 2002, Liberal Democrat


OUTSIDE EU
ALBANIA

61 municipalities in 12 regions
Mayors' term of office:
three years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, education, environment, planning, public health, roads, welfare
Capital: Tirana is capital of the district and county, which are larger entities than the city.
Mayors:
Durres: Vangjush Dako, since 2006, Socialist
Elbasan: Qazim Sejdini, since 2007, Socialist
Lipkovo: Sadulla Duraku
TIRANA: Erion Veliaj, since 2015, Socialist

BELARUS

118 districts, 102 cities and 108 towns in six provinces
Mayors' term of office:
indefinite
Election: appointed by president on advice of city council
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, economy, education, environment, health, housing, planning, transport, waste, welfare
Capital: Minsk is a self-rule city and is also capital of the Minsk Province.  It is further divided into nine districts for administrative purposes.
Mayors:
Brest: Alexander Palishenko
MINSK: Andrei Viktorovich Shorets

BOSNIA AND HERZOGOVINA
142 municipalities in two republics
Mayors' term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: n/a
Capital: Sarajevo is de jure capital of both republics as well as the Sarajevo canton.  In addition to the city council there are four municipalities, including Sarajevo Centre.
Mayors:
Brcko: Sinisˇa Milic´,
Doboj: Obren Petrovic
Mostar: Ljubo Beslic, Croatian Democratic Union
SARAJEVO: Abdulah Skaka, Conservative Muslim

ICELAND
74 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirect, the municipality may choose to appoint a councillor as mayor or hire a council manager, for an indeterminate period
Responsibilities: education, electricity, environment, fire, social services, transport (inc. ports), waste, urban planning, water & sewerage
Capital: Reykjavik tends to appoint a councillor as mayor
Mayors:
Kópavogur: Ármann Kristinn Ólafsson, Liberal conservative

MACEDONIA
84 municipalities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: culture, economy, education, environment, social services, roads, water
Capital: Greater Skopje consists of 10 municipalities
Mayors:
SKOPJE: Petre Šilegov, Social Democrat

MOLDOVA
1,679 municipalities in 35 regions
Mayors' term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: n/a
Capital: Chisinau is one of the three municipalities and is further divided into five sectors, each headed by a pretor appointed by the mayor.
Mayors:
CHISINAU: Dorin Chirtoaca, since 2007, Conservative-liberal

NORWAY
428 municipalities in 19 counties
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: indirectly appointed by council
Responsibilities: culture & leisure, economy, education, health, social services
Capital: Oslo is both a municipality and a county and is divided into 15 sub-districts
Mayors
Bergen: Harald Schjelderup, since 2015, Labour
OSLO: Raymond Johansen, since 2015, Socialist
Trondheim: Rita Ottervik, since 2003, Labour

RUSSIA
12,215 municipalities and two federal cities in 83 federal states
Mayors' term of office:
four years
Election: direct (St. Petersburg appointed)
Responsibilities: varies across the federation, according to negotiated charters, though most deal with education and the local environment.
Capital: Moscow, one of two federal cities, is divided into 123 districts, each with their own elected mayor. It is not part of the Moscow Oblast (state).
Mayors:
Ekaterinburg: Yevgeny Roizman, since 2013, Social Democrat (Russian opposition party)
Kaliningrad: Alexandr Yaroshuk
Kazan: Ilsur Metshin, since 2005, United Russia (Russia’s ruling party)
MOSCOW: Sergei Sobyanin, since 2013, United Russia
Novosibirsk: Anatoly Evgenevich Lokot, since 2014, Communist Party
St. Petersburg: Georgy Sergeyevich Poltavchenko, since 2014, United Russia
Vladivostok: Post vacant

SERBIA
174 municipalities and four cities
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: education, electricity, social services, transport, urban planning, water
Capital: Belgrade is divided into 17 sub-districts, each with their own mayor
Mayors:
BELGRADE: Siniša Mali, since 2014, Right-wing populist
Novi Sad: Miloš Vučević, since 2012, Right-wing populist

SWITZERLAND
2,324 municipalities in 26 federal states
Mayors’ term of office:
variable by municipality
Election: indirectly by council (council president acts as ‘mayor’)
Responsibilities: education, energy, police, roads, social welfare, urban planning
Capital: the canton (state) of Berne consists of 26 districts and 398 municipalities, the city of Berne is the capital of the canton and Berne district
Mayors:
Basel: Guy Morin, since 2014, Green
BERN:
Alec von Graffenried, since 2017, Green
Geneva: Esther Alder, since 2015, Green
Zürich: Corine Mauch, since 2009, Social Democrat

TURKEY
1,397 municipalities
Mayors' term of office:
five years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: education, health, planning, transport, welfare
Capital: The Metropolitan Municipality of Ankara is the political capital of Turkey and consists of the mayor and eight districts. It is also capital of the Ankara province.
Mayors:
Adana: Hüseyin Sözlü, Nationalist far-right
ANKARA: Mustafa Tuna, since 2017, Turkey’s ruling nationalist AKP party
Istanbul: Mevlut Uysal, since 2017, AKP
Izmir: Aziz Kocaoğlu, since 2004, Member of opposition CHP centre-left party

UKRAINE
10,885 municipal council (9644 villages, 783 towns, 548 cities) in 25 provinces
Mayors’ term of office:
four years
Election: direct
Responsibilities: Culture, housing, economy, education, environment, social services, transport, urban planning, waste, water & sewerage
Capital: Kiev enjoys special status as an independent entity within the Ukraine's centralised system
Mayors:
KIEV: Vitali Klitschko, since 2014, Pro-European reformist
Odessa: Gennady Trukhanov, since 2014, Pro-Russia Party of the Regions



Note: where possible common definitions (structures and responsibilities) have been provided

Copyright 2018 City Mayors