MAYORS IN EUROPE

Polish mayors
Polish mayors
By Jacek Bruchal, City Mayors Research

ON THIS PAGE:
Polish local government ||| Poland's main political parties ||| Mayors of Poland's largest cities ||| Poland's women mayors |||

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Polish local government
December 2021: Since 1999, Poland has been divided into provinces, counties and districts. The 19 provinces (voivodeships) represent the highest-level of local government. They are mostly named after historical or geographical regions. Provincial powers are shared between a governor, a regional parliament and a marshal. The governor (volvode) is appointed by the Prime Minister and acts as the regional representative of the central government. The assembly (sejmic), which is elected every four years, legislates in areas such as development and budget and elects the marshall (marszaek) and other members of the executive office. The provincial executive office (zarzad województwa) under the marchal manages provincial property, implements regional policy and supervises the management of European Union (EU) funding. The populations of the provinces vary from 4.6 million (Silesian) to Opole with just over one million people.

Provinces are sub-divided into counties (powiaty), which can be rural or urban. Both types have elected councils. The number of counties per province varies from 12 (Opole province) to 42 (Masovian province). Poland has currently 379 counties, of which 314 are rural and 65 urban counties. Counties have some decision-making powers in areas such as local healthcare, secondary education, public transport, high-road maintenance and vehicle registration.

Rural districts and urban municipalities are Poland’s third level of local government. Counties are usually divided into several types of districts (gminy): urban, mixed urban-rural and entirely rural. In all three types of districts, voters directly elect local councillors and mayors. Mayors in cities with more than 400,000 people are called city presidents. Rural and urban districts are tasked with the management of utilities, public open spaces, sewage and waste disposal, health care, housing and education as well as social services and culture.


Poland's main political parties
PO (Platforma Obywatelska): Centrist, pro-European party
PIS (Prawo I Sprawiedliwosc): Right-wing, nationalist party
SLD (Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej): Centre-left, social-democratic party


Mayors of largest Polish cities
City
Mayor
Elections
Brief résumé
Bydgoszcz
Popl: 358,000
www.bydgoszcz.pl
The largest city of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Province
Rafal Bruski (Mr) Elected 2010
Re-elected 2014, 2018
Next election 2022
Born 1962;
Studied at Gdynia Maritime University (Faculty of Navigation), University of Economy in Poznan, 1994-2005 worked at Revenue Inspection Office) in Bydgoszcz
Party: PO
Gdansk
Popl: 461,000
www.gdansk.pl
Poland principal seaport
Capital of Pomeranian Province

Aleksndra Dulkiewicz (Ms)

Elected 2019
Next election 2022

Born 1979;
Lawyer, politician, studied University of Gdansk (Faculty of Law – graduated 2006), 2004 to 2005 studied at the Faculty of Law of University of Salzburg. In 2006 she was assistant of the Mayor of Gdansk Pawel Adamowicz. 2010 and 2014 was elected as a city councillor in Gdansk. 2017-2019 deputy mayor of Gdansk responsible for the economic policy. After the killing of Pavel Adamowicz she was appointed interim mayor until the election in March 2019. Since 11/03/2019 Mayor of Gdansk.
Party independent

Katowice
Popl: 302,000
www.katowice.eu
(Capital of the Silesian Province)
Marcin Krupa (Mr) Elected 2014, Re-elected 2018
Next election 2022
Born 1976;
PHD Silesian University of Technology (Faculty of Transport). Academic teacher, 2006-2010 councillor, 2010-2014 vice-president of Katowice
Party: Independent
Krakow
Popl: 762,000
www.krakow.pl
(Capital of the Krakow Province)
Jacek Majchrowski (Mr) Elected 2002
Re-elected in 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018
Next election 2022
Born 1947;
Studied at Jagiellonian University of Krakow
Lawyer and historian, and professor at Jagiellonian University
Party: Independent
Lodz
Popl: 697,000
www.uml.lodz.pl
(Capital of the Lodz Province)
Hanna Zdanowska
(Ms)
Elected 2010
Re-elected in 2014, 2018
Next election 2022
Born 1959;
Studied at theTechnical University of Lodz (Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture). 2006 councilor, 2007 vice-president of Lodz, 2007 Member of the Polish Parliament. The Mayor was shortlisted for the 2018 World Mayor Prize.
Party: PO
Lublin
Popl: 342,000
www.lublin.eu
The largest city of the eastern Poland
Capital of the Lublin Province
Krzysztof Zuk
(Mr)
Elected 2010
Re-elected 2014, 2018
Next election 2022
Born 1957;
Economist, assistant professor and local governor, PHD in economics from the University of Maria Curie-Sklodowska, 2006 vice-president of Lublin;
2007-2009 work for National government Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of the Treasury, 2009 again vice-president of Lublin
Poznan
Popl: 546,000
www.poznan.pl
Capital of the Wielkopolskie Province
Jacek Jaskowiak (Mr) Elected 2014; Re-elected 2018
Next election 2022
Born 1964;
Businessman, economist and lawyer. Studied at the University of Adam Mickiewicz in Poznan,
Scholarship University of Bielefeld.
Party: PO
Rzeszow
Popl: 185,000
www.rzeszow.pl
(Capital of the Podkarpackie Province)
Konrad Fiolek (Mr) Elected June 2021
Next election 2022
Born 1976;
He was an activist of the Democratic Left Alliance, incl. he headed the party's structures in Rzeszów. City councillor from November 2001 to 2021. Chairman of the city council from 2006 to 2010; Vice-Chairman of the city council from 2014 to 2021.
Party: SLD
Szczecin
Popl: 407,000
www.szczecin.pl
Capital of the West Pomeranian Province
Piotr Krzystek (Mr) Elected 2006
Re-elected 2010, 2014, 2018
Next election 2022
Born 1973;
Studied at the University of Szczecin (Faculty of Law and Administration). Since 1998 he has been working for the local government In Szczecin. 2002-2004 vice-president of Szczecin.
Party: Independent
Warszawa
(Warsaw)
Popl: 1,754,000
www.um.warszawa.pl
(Capital of Poland, Capital the Mazowieckie Province)
Rafal Trzasowski (Mr) Elected 2018
Next election 2022
Born 1972;
Studied in College of Europa in Natiolin and Institute of International Relations of the University of Warsaw, 1996 scholarship at the Oxford University, 2002 European Union Institute of Security Research in Paris, 2004 doctoral degree in political science at the Faculty of Journalism of the University of Warsaw. 2009 Member of the European Parliament, member of European People’s Party, 2013 Minister of Administration and Digitalization, 2014 Deputy Minister Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland, 2015 Member of Polish Parliament, 2016 became National Council Member of the Civil Platform Party, Minister of the Foreign Affairs in the shadow cabinet created by Civil Platform, 2017 vice chairman of the European People's Party. 2017 received the order Medal of Honour for his contributions to strengthening the Polish-French relations.
Party: PO
Wroclaw
(Breslau)
Popl: 634,000
www.wroclaw.pl
(Capital of the Lower Silesian Province)

Jacek Zbigniew Sutryk (Mr)

Elected 2018
Next election 2022
Born 1978 in Wroclaw;
Social activist and local government member, graduate in sociology at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Wroclaw and a doctoral student of the Collegium of Socio-Economic Policy of the Warsaw School of Economics. 2007 -2011 the director Municipal Social Welfare Centre in Wroclaw. From 2011 the director of the Social Affairs Department of the Wroclaw City Office.


Poland’s women mayors
December 2021: While the mayors (presidents) of Poland’s largest and third-largest cities are women, overall, only 11 of the country’s 107 municipalities have female leaders. Two of them are in their fourth term of office. Gdansk Mayor Aleksndra Dulkiewicz was elected in March 2019, after the murder of her predecessor Pawel Adamowics. Only one mayor is a member of Poland’s ruling, right-wing Law and Justice party (PiS), three mayors belong to the centrist, pro-European Civic Platform (PO), while one is supported by the Democratic Left Alliance, a social-democratic, pro-European party.

Women mayors in Poland
City (Population)
Mayor
In office since
Political party
Lodz
(Popl: 697,000)
Hanna Zdanowska
2010
Civic Platform (PO)
Gdansk
(Popl: 461,000)
Aleksndra Dulkiewicz
2019
Independent
Zabrze
(Popl: 177,000)
Malgorzata Manka-Szulik
2006
Independent
Ruda Slaska
(Popl: 139,000)
Grazyna Dziedzic
2010
Independent
Jastrzebie-Zdroj
(Popl: 90,000)
Aneta Hetman
2014
Civic Platform (PO)
Ostrow Wielkopolski
(Popl: 73,000)
Beata Klimek
2014
Independent
Swidnica
(Popl: 59,000)
Beata Moskal-Slaniewska
2014
Democratic Left Alliance (SLD)
Belchatow
(Popl: 58,000)
Mariola Czechowska
2014
Law and Justice (PIS)
Kedzierzyn-Kozle
(Popl: 58,000)
Sabina Nowosielska
2014
Civic Platform (PO)
Piekary Slaskie
(Popl: 56,000)
Slawa Uminska-Duraj
2006
Independent

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