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City Mayors Foundation


Government parties and
opposition Communists
win in Japan local elections

News (Japan): Japan’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and its allies triumphed in last weekend’s local elections, while its main rival, the centre-left Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), was left licking its wounds. The Communist Party, however, achieved its best results for eight years. Observers accused the DPJ of timidness. Not only did the party field considerable fewer candidates in the prefectural assembly elections than four years ago, it actually backed six LDP incumbents in gubernatorial contests. MORE
Re-elected Chicago
mayor will now have to
solve city's crime and debt

News (USA): Now that Chicago’s mayor Rahm Emanuel has won re-election in yesterday’s second round of voting, he will have to prove that he can solve the city’s most pressing problems, namely crime and debt. While in many US cities crime violent crime has declined this century, it has remained stubbornly high in Chicago. During the past four years, under Mayor Emanuel’s watch, homicide rates remained above 430 per annum, while in New York, a city almost four times the size of Chicago, the number of murders fell from 515 to 328. MORE


Park Won-soon
Mayor of Seoul,
South Korea

No sooner was Park Won-soon elected Mayor of Seoul in October 2011, than he was touted as a potential presidential contender. In a country where industrial conglomerates and entrenched political parties largely determine who moves to prominence and who remains anonymous, it was an extraordinary achievement for the independent, anti-establishment Park Won-soon to defeat the ruling conservative party’s most prominent female member of the South Korean parliament.

During his campaign, Park, a human rights-lawyer and philanthropist, coined the phrase of the ‘listening mayor’, an approach to government that would colour all activities of his administrations. Any speculation, that Park would immediately use his prominence to aim for higher office were put at rest when, during his first term, he declared his intention to run for re-election. Park Won-soon became politically active as a student at the Seoul National University in the mid-1970s. There he joined groups of university activists who were opposed to the authoritarian regime of General Park Chung-hee. During 1974 and 1975 the regime arrested and jailed hundreds of student dissidents. Park Won-soon was among those arrested and sent to prison for four months. MORE



Mayors of Germany's
largest municipalities

Mayors:
Germany is a country made up of thousands of towns and cities, all with directly elected mayors. A city (Großstadt) is officially defined as an administration unit with a population greater than 100,000. As of 2013, there are 76 cities in Germany. Only four cities, Berlin, Hamburg, München (Munich) and Köln (Cologne), are Millionenstädte - cities with a population of more than one million. Nine cities have a population of more than 500,000 people. The mayors’ terms of office vary between five and nine years, depending on the state. Each municipal council is headed by an elected mayor, known as Bürgermeister  - or Oberbürgermeister (lord mayor) in most larger cities. MORE

Songs written for
American cities

Culture: It is said there is a song for every city in America. While some songs never got much further than the city limits others became international hits. Gerard Kenny’s 1978 ode to his hometown ‘New York, New York - So Good They Named It Twice’ spelled the re-birth of America’s largest metropolis after it almost went bankrupt in 1975 and one year after a city-wide blackout shut it down for 25 hours. The song ‘If you're going to San Francisco, be sure to wear some flowers in your hair’ sung by Scott McKenzie in 1967 became the anthem for the worldwide flower power movement. MORE

World mayors, their
parties and politics

Politics: The narrative of the global pattern of urbanization is that we are said to live in the ‘urban century’ and the ‘age of the mayor’. Current affairs weeklies nod with approval at mayor-centred urban analysis by Richard Florida, Benjamin Barber and Bruce Katz – city rankings now enjoy the kind of media glow once reserved for corporate giants. But who gets to govern the world’s biggest cities? City Mayors examines the shifts in urban political allegiances and party machines over the past five years. MORE

Local government in Kosovo:
Elected mayors are the key

Government: Kosovo became the most recent territory in Europe to claim the status of nation state when it declared independence in 2008. The credibility of any democratic nation depends on the strength of the institutions it builds, notably its capacity to meet citizens’ demands for service delivery and accountability. To this end, Kosovo has embarked on a process of enhancing the performance capacity of government by decentralizing power from the national level to the municipal level. Decentralization is considered a tool to deliver results shaped by local needs and market realities, engage citizens in decision making, and bridge ethnic divisions. And directly-elected mayors assume a primary role in helping ensure accountability, transparency and responsibility. MORE

Latin American cities are the
most dangerous in the world

Crime: Latin America's cities are the most dangerous in the world. Drug trafficking, gang wars, political instability, corruption, and poverty combine are the main causes of the continent’s extreme urban violence. Residents of cities in Brazil, Mexico and Colombia are particularly at risk of being caught up in battles between warring gangs. For the third year running, San Pedro Sula, a city of some 720,000 people in northern Honduras is thought to be the most dangerous city in the world with 187 murders per 100,000 inhabitants per annum. MORE

Mayors of Canada's
largest municipalities

Mayors: In Canada cities and towns are considered creatures of provincial and territorial governments, existing by provincial and territorial legislation. Provinces and territories can create, modify, or eliminate a municipality as they see fit such as amalgamations and the creation of regional governments. They also dictate the limits of the powers of municipal governments. MORE

Mayors of Japan's
largest municipalities

Mayors: Japan, the world’s third-largest economy by GDP and 10th largest population, is a unitary state, governed at national level by a Prime Minister and Cabinet largely chosen from the bicameral National Diet.  The two-tier local government system in Japan is composed of 47 prefectural governments (roughly akin to a county), each headed by a directly-elected Governor (elected on a four-year term) and 1,719 municipalities, each headed by a directly-elected Mayor (elected likewise). MORE

Washington and Oakland victories
a boon for aspiring women mayors

Politics / Elections: In mid-term elections that brought much misery to US President Barack Obama’s Democratic Party - the party lost control of the US Senate and has to vacate governor mansions in Massachusetts, Maryland, Arkansas and Illinois - the victory of two women in mayoral elections on opposite sides of the country will, no doubt, be noted by Hillary Clinton as she contemplates a possible run for the White House in 2016. While Oakland (California) and Washington DC are Democrat strongholds, the decisive wins of Libby Schaaf on the West Coast and Muriel Bowser in the US capital show what determined women can achieve in an environment that is still largely dominated by white, middle-aged men. MORE

Corrupt US mayors pose a
threat to decency in society

Politics: The preamble to the City Mayors’ Code of Ethics states that honest local government is the foundation of any nation that strives to provide its citizens with happiness, security and prosperity. It continues to say that corruption and misconduct by local government officials threaten fundamental decency in a society. America’s FBI, which warns that public corruption poses a fundamental threat to national security and the US way of life, has over the past four decades investigated hundreds of elected officials, who used their positions to enrich themselves. Among those convicted are leaders of some of the largest US cities, including Detroit, New Orleans or Baltimore, but also many mayors from small-town America. MORE

Mayors of France's
largest municipalities

Mayors: Mainland France consists of 36,569 municipalities (communes) in 22 regions. In addition there are 212 communes in French overseas territories. Council elections are held every six years. The last one was held in March 2014. The first task of a newly constituted council is to elect a mayor, whose term of office is six years. If a mayor is appointed to another post in government, a deputy performs his/her duties. A mayor’s responsibilities include: Civil registration, culture, economy, education, environment, public order, roads, social welfare, urban planning. The Socialist Anne Hilgo is the Mayor of Paris. MORE

Increasing number of US cities
end stigmatization of ex-felons

Society: The US government’s War on Drugs began in the 1970s. Drug possession and use were seen as gateways to crimes such as burglary, robbery, assault and prostitution, as well as to the breakdown of families and neighborhoods. Prisoners of the federal War on Drugs received draconian prison sentences, mandatory minimum sentences, and no parole for nonviolent and victimless crimes. By the 1990s, with crime continuing to rise, a ‘zero tolerance’ mentality overtook American criminal justice. Schools, public housing, and workplaces aimed to be totally free of crimes and criminals. Application forms for a wide range of opportunities increasingly asked whether the applicant had been convicted of a crime. Checking the ‘yes’ box most often meant an applicant would never be considered, regardless of his or her qualifications. MORE

US mayors look to education
in response to school violence

Society: The 16-year-old boy who on 9 April 2014 stabbed and slashed 21 of his fellow students in a school near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, will be tried as an adult. Law enforcement officials have no choice; the law requires the young offender to be accorded adult status. The response to repeated incidents of school violence in the United States over the past 20 years has led to ‘hard’ solutions. Simultaneously, with much less fanfare, another type of response has been growing quietly. Public schools in at least 30 states now promote ‘character education’ as an anecdote to safety concerns, as well as troubling issues like teen pregnancy, truancy, and poor academic performance. MORE

Tokyo promotes cool image
in run-up to 2020 Olympics

City Branding: The name alone of Japan’s metropolis underlines its historic and political significance: Tokyo, or ‘eastern capital’. Having relocated the seat of government from the ‘western capital’ Kyoto to the ancient port of Edo in the 19th century at the behest of a modernized, open and newly unified nation, it was the capital’s post-war reconstruction which was to usher in the hyper-modernity which we all associate with Tokyo. Within Japan however, such modernity is often seen as a byword for inauthenticity or assimilation of the west. The Tokyo city brand is one of the world’s most embedded yet least studied. MORE

A second tier of US metro areas
is attracting mobile Americans

Society: America is known as a mobile society, and Americans move for many reasons: better jobs, better weather, lower housing costs, lower taxes, and so on. The trend to urbanization is national in scope, affecting every state and almost every region of the country. General population movements between regions have also been notable, of course, the most prominent being the shift from Rustbelt in the north to Sunbelt in the south. While the general population migrations receive most of the attention, a more particular shift appears to be occurring among metro areas. Approximately 15 second-tier metro areas have become ‘centers of gravity’, attracting people and capital from other metro areas. MORE

Brighton Town Hall
City Halls: Thanks to its close proximity to London and Royal patronage throughout the 19th Century, Brighton, on the English South Coast, has developed like no other seaside resort in Britain. While towns like Eastbourne, Bournemouth or Torquay predominately cater for holidaymakers and have become favourite destinations for retirees, Brighton has developed a youth vibrancy to rival the British capital. Often described as London-on-Sea, Brighton also offers some of the finest Regency and Victorian terraces in Britain. The Town Hall, built in the 1830s, is an example of municipal pride and confidence. MORE

The largest US cities:
Nine cities with more than one million people
New York City and Los Angeles grow fastest

Population: The US has nine cities with populations topping one million. New York City, with more than eight million residents, is by far the largest US city. Los Angeles, in second place, has a population of just below four million people. Both Chicago and Houston have populations of more than two million. Other cities with more than one million citizens include Philadelphia, Phoenix and San Diego. | Introduction | Largest 1 - 100 | Largest 101 - 200 | Fastest growing | Fastest shrinking |

Megaregions are predicted to propel
US population and economic growth

Development: It’s a commonplace among urban planners and many policymakers that regions are the basic unit of economic competitiveness in the global economy. America 2050, part of the Regional Plan Association, reckons that America’s population growth and and even a larger share of the country’s economic expansion will occur in 11 megaregions. Yet nowhere in the industrialized world are regions given fewer resources and less power than in the United States. MORE

A comparison of UK
and European cities

Statistics: Almost 13 per cent of the UK population live in London. With the exception of Vienna, no other major European capital city is home to such a high proportion of its country’s citizens. Recent research by City Mayors shows that 20.2 per cent of Austrians live in Vienna, 12.9 per cent of Britons call London their home, while 12.4 per of Norwegians reside in Oslo. Helsinki, Copenhagen and Brussels also house more than ten per cent of their respective national populations. But less than five per cent of the people of France, Germany, Poland and Italy live in their respective capital cities. MORE

Flourishing cities
embrace immigrants

Society: Without migration homo sapiens would not dominate today’s world. Had our ancestors stayed in central Africa some 50,000 years ago, the human race would have developed very differently. The drive to spread out geographically, for whatever reason, is part of our make-up and is behind Man’s success story. Many recent scientific and technological advances - e.g. the telephone, the internet, space exploration - are the result of our need to move beyond local boundaries. Migration will remain a dominant feature of further human development, a fact recognised by many progressive city mayors from around the world. MORE

Directories of European
and North American cities

Directories:
City Mayors' internet directories provide one-click access to the websites of European and North American cities. EUROPE | NORTH AMERICA

Urban population growth
between 1950 and 2030

Statistics: In 2008, the world reached an invisible but momentous milestone: For the first time in history, more than half its human population, 3.3 billion people, lived in urban areas. By 2030, this is expected to swell to more than five billion. Urbanisation has already surpassed the 90-per-cent mark, not only in city states like Singapore and Kuwait, but also in Belgium, Venezuela, Uruguay, Argentina, Israel and the UK. In the US, where for the past 100 years the majority of people have been living in cities, more than 82 per cent of the total population now reside in urban areas. MORE

Women in cities give much
but take far less than men

Society: Women in developing countries contribute significantly to the prosperity of cities but they are often the last to benefit. This becomes evident, a new report says, in notable gender gaps in labour and employment, pay, tenure rights, access to and accumulation of assets, personal security and safety and representation in formal structures of urban governance. The report Gender and the Prosperity of Cities recommends that cities formulate gender policies, strengthen accountability for gender equality and enhance strategies for the economic empowerment and livelihoods of women. MORE

The best cities in the world for
environment and infrastructure

Environment: Vienna has again been named as the ‘best city’ in the world, with the Austrian capital’s perennial Swiss rival, Zurich, in second place. Auckland, Munich and Vancouver complete the top five. Overall, German-speaking cities, including Düsseldorf, Frankfurt and Bern, occupy six places in the top ten of this year’s Quality of Living Survey by Mercer Consulting. Paris is ranked 29th, London 38th and New York City 44th. Singapore, Frankfurt and Munich offer the best infrastructure. MORE

The City of London offers on one square mile
history, feudal governance and global finance

Government: The landmarks of the area covered by the historic City of London Corporation are known to many – St Paul’s Cathedral, the Old Bailey, the ‘Gherkin’ and soon the ‘Walkie-Talkie’ and the ‘Cheesegrater’, to name but few – but less is known about the Corporation itself. The City of London is often confused with Greater London (the area covered by the Greater London Authority), but the two concepts are indeed very distinct and separate. MORE

Mumbai in urgent need of reforms
to governance and management

Government: Mumbai is one of the world's 10 most populous cities and the most populous, and wealthiest, city in India. Yet over 42 per cent of its people live in slums. The megacity has lost the capacity to deliver public services, because of negligence as well as insufficient financial and physical resources. Almost two-thirds of revenue is spent on staff and less than one third on services. There is now an urgent need to consider other management options and changes to governance. MORE

London Underground carries
three million people every day

World Metros: Heritage and modernisation are the watchwords for London’s underground rail network, the ‘tube’, as it reaches its 150th anniversary. The world’s first underground railway, between Paddington and Farringdon Street was opened by the Metropolitan Railway in December 1863. Today, London Underground carries three million passengers a day across 275 stations on its 253 mile network. MORE








The City Mayors Foundation was established in 2003 to promote, campaign for and facilitate good, open and strong local government




Government parties and opposition Communists win in Japan local elections



Re-elected Chicago mayor will now have to solve crime and debt



Uber prepared to fight Germany, France and Spain in Brussels



Tactical voting keeps French National Front out of big cities



Socialist Party loses its dominance in metropolitan France



One hundred million homeless people own less than one man



UN criticises Mexican authorities after beheading of mayoral candidate



Italian mayors face constant intimidation by organised crime



Washington Mayor and US Congress at loggerheads over cannabis legalisation



The man who forced Obama’s favourite mayor into Chicago run-off



French National Front predicted to win first round of local elections



Caracas mayor arrested and accused of plotting against government


Japanese cities edge towards recognition of same-sex marriage


Hamburg’s mayor denies national ambitions after winning re-election



Europe hits back at US claims of Muslim no-go zones



Anti-corruption party humiliates government in Delhi local elections



Calgary Mayor wins World Mayor Prize on his 43rd birthday



US mayors back President Obama’s immigration reforms



Municipal treasurers unprepared for sudden strength of Swiss franc



Whistle blower alleges widespread fraud in Turkish local elections



American cities with tech and energy industries performed best in 2014



US police forces find it hard to recruit from ethnic minorities



Surabaya mayor says airline has failed anxiously waiting relatives



Rome to bid for 2024 Olympics amidst corruption and recession



The killing of two officers widens rift between NYC’s mayor and the police



Tel Aviv and Jerusalem in addition to 12 US cities to receive Bloomberg grants



American mayors form action coalition to push for immigration reform



Rockefeller Foundation adds additional 35 cities to its Resilient Cities network



Opposition wins Taiwan’s local elections as public mood swings against Beijing



Two African-American mayors cause furore with Ferguson comments



Israeli mayor’s barring of Arab workers condemned but supported by residents