World Mayor 2023

Indian Mayors
Research* by Anupam Gupta with an introduction by Mayraj Fahim

ON THIS PAGE: Indian local government ||| India's political parties ||| Mayors of largest Indian cities |||

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Indian mayorsIndia's local government
December 2020: While India, like many other regions, has always had local councils of some sort, the mechanisms in existence today are rooted in the period during which it was a colony of the United Kingdom. A major foundation of the British roots of Indian local government was Lord Ripon’s resolution of May, 1882, on the subject of local self-government covering the structure and establishment of local bodies, their functions, finances and powers. This is the root of local self-government in post-Independence India.

The first municipal mechanism created during British rule was the Municipal Corporation introduced in Madras (Chennai today) in 1688, which was followed by municipal corporations in Bombay (Mumbai today) and Calcutta (Kolkata today) by 1762. Subsequently, Lord Mayo's Resolution of 1870 called for the introduction of an elected President in the municipalities. The current form and structure of municipal bodies is based on Lord Ripon's Resolution on local self-government adopted in 1882. Since then the structure of municipal bodies has essentially remained the same, even though the urban areas multiplied along with their increasingly complex problems.

Over the past couple of decades, India has seen the implementation and framing of efforts to modernise local government and has also revealed in the course of these efforts a commitment to local government that was hitherto a weak link in the Indian system. Nevertheless, it remains a system in transition that has room for further evolution to match its prevalent ground conditions. In addition to the areas to which attention has been drawn, the system also needs adequate quality control monitoring and capacity building mechanisms as well as additional reforms. FULL ARTICLE ON INDIA’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Since the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) under Prime Minister Narendra Modi came to power in 2014, the hitherto governing centre-left Indian National Congress party has not only lost control of government but also influence in India’s largest cities. The party now controls only one (Kolkata) of the country’s top 25 cities. The mayors of all others are members of the BJP or local Hindu nationalist parties. The Chief Minister of Delhi, the National Capital Territory, belongs to the left-wing Aam Aadmi Party. A high proportion - 40 per cent - of mayors are women.

Main national political parties in India
Aam Aadmi Party
(AAP), centre-left, anti corruption, 1 seat in the 545-seat Lok Sabha, India’s lower house of parliament. Governs the capital Delhi since 2015.

All India Trinamool Congress
(AITC), centre-left, 22/545 seats.

Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), centre-left, 10/545 seats.

Bharatiya Janata Party
(BJP), Hindu nationalist, 303/545 seats.

Communist Party of India
(CPI), Far-left, communist, 2/545 seats.

Communist Party of India (Marxist), (CPI/M), Communist, 3/545.

Indian National Congress (Congress party), centre-left, 52/545 seats.

Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), Nationalist centre-left, 5/545 seats.

National People’s Party (NCP), Nationalist centrist, 1/545 seat.

Mayors of the largest Indian cities
City (State) population, municipal website
In office since
Profile & Politics
Agra (Uttar Pradesh)
Popl: 1.6 million
Mr Naveen Jain December 2017 • President of Uttar Pradesh mayor council (2018),
• President of All India council of mayors, AICM (2019)
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative)
Ahmedabad (Gujarat)
Popl: 5.6 million
Ms Bijal Patel June 2018 • Paldi ward councillor, Chairperson (recreation and cultural committee)
• Party BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative)
Aurangabad (Maharashtra)
Popl: 1.2 million
Bangalore (Karnataka)
Popl: 8.4 million
Shri Gaurav Gupta (Admistrator) September 2020

• IAS officer of 1990 batch
• Has worked on various senior positions of State Government including Chairman of Bangalore Water Board, Special Commissioner in BBMP, Managing Director in KSRTC.
• Worked as Commissioner for Industrial Development promoting industries and investments in state of Karnataka
• In his present capacity, he works to create the infrastructure for the IT and BT industry, incentivise investments, and promote startups
• Party: Government Official

Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh)
Popl: 1.8 million
Mr Alok Sharma February 2015 • Born: November 1967
• Studied: Commerce from Safia college.
• Ward corporator for two consecutive terms of 5 years each (from 1994 to 2004)
• General secretary of BJP Bhopal District (2005)
• District President of BJP (Bhopal) in 2010 and 2013
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative)
Delhi (National Capital Territory of Delhi)
Popl: 11.0 million
Mr Arvind Kejriwal, Chief Minister February 2015; Re-elected in February 2020 • Born August 1969
• Studied mechanical engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology
• Assistant and later joint commissioner of Income Tax in New Delhi from 1995 to 2006
• In 1999, co-founded Parvartan, a citizens movement addressing public grievances o In 2005, co-founded the NGO Kabir, which promoted participatory governance
• In 2012, co-founded the Aam Aadmi Party
• Party: Aam Aadmi Party (Anti-corruption, left-wing)
Faridabad (Haryana)
Popl: 1.4 million
Ms Suman Bala Feb 2017 • Studied: B.COM
• Previously elected first time Ward 12 Corporater
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative
Ghaziabad (Uttar Pradesh)
Popl: 1.6 million
Mrs Asha Sharma December 2017 • Born: September 1959
• Studied M.A Political Science.
• Works with Social Institution such as Hindu chetna Manch, Hindu Brahman Sabha, Sai Seva Samiti etc., Parshad in GMC (1995-2005)
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative)
Hyderabad (Telangana)
Popl: 6.8 million
Majid Hussain is the new Mayor of Greater Hyderabad December 2020 • Party: Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM)
Indore (Madhya Pradesh)
Popl: 2 million
Jaipur (Rajasthan)
Popl: 3 million
Dr. Ms. Somya Gurjar November 2020

• Born: January 1984
• PhD holder in Philosophy from Rajasthan University.
• Previous roles: Member of State Women’s Commission, Rajasthan.
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative)

Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh)
Popl: 2.7 million
Ms Pramila Pandey December 2017 • Born: August 1956
• Past roles: Civil lines Councillor KMC from1995-2006, Prior to mayor was the vice president of BJP
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative)
Kolkata (West Bengal)
Popl: 4.5 million
Mr Firhad Hakim December 2018 • Born January 1959
• Business & commerce degree
• Political offices include Kolkata councillor, State minister, First Muslim mayor of Kolkata
• Party: Congress party (centre-left)
Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh)
Popl: 2.8 million
Ms Sanyukta Bhatia December 2017 • Born: October 1947
• In past actively engaged as social activist; Various positions in welfare organisations such as BJP, Lion's club, Vypar Mandal, Organises election campaigns.
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative)
Ludhiana (Punjab)
Popl: 1.6 million
Mr Balkar Sandhu March 2018 • Previous offices: Councillor at MC's Finance and contract committee, Leader of opposition in the house.
• Party: Indian National Congress (Centre-left)
Mumbai (Maharashtra)
Popl: 12.5 million
Ms Kishori Pednekar November 2019 • Born June 1962
• Studied B.A (Arts).
• First time elected as Municipal Councillor, Ward No.52 (2002); Member of Education Committee (2003-2006); Member of Standing Committee (2012-2016), Chairperson of G/South Ward Committee(2017-2018)
• Party: Shiv Sena (Local right-wing, Hindu nationalist party)
Nagpur (Maharashtra)
Popl: 2.4 million
Mr Sandip Joshi November 2019 • Born: August 1970
• Currently involve in other positions: Chairman of Maharashtra small scale industrial development corporation,
• General Secretary BJP (Nagpur),
• President - Nagpur District basketball association,
• President - Vision Next Foundation.
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative)
Nashik (Maharashtra)
Popl : 1.5 millions
Mr Satish Kulkarni November 2019 • Position held as a Deputy Mayor in 2012-2014,
• Elected fifth time Corporator in 2017, Chairman of Nashik Muncipal Corporation health committee in 2018
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative
Patna (Bihar)
Popl: 1.7 million
Ms Sita Sahu June 2017 • Studied Intermediate,
• A homemaker, First time elected Patna ward 58 Councillor, Social worker
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative)
Pune (Maharashtra)
Popl: 3.1 million
Mr Murlidhar Mohol November 2019 • Studied Arts Degree (BA) at Shivaji University
• Previous role: Corporator Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC).
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative)
Rajkot (Gujarat)
Popl: 1.3 million
Ms Bina Acharya June 2018 • Past role: Joint secretary of women's wing (Rajkot Chamber of Commerce and Industry) , Ward 10 corporator (RMC's)
• Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative
Surat (Gujarat)
Popl: 4.5 million)
Dr Jagdish Patel June 2018 • Born March 1962
• Ayurvedic practitioner and trustee (Kiran Hospital) oPolitical offices: Katargam ward 6 councillor o Party: BJP (Hindu nationalist, conservative)
Thane (Maharashtra)
Popl: 1.8 million
Mr Naresh Mhaske November 2019 • Born: February 1970
• Other Offices: Thane district chief of shiv sena
• Party: Shiv Sena (Local right-wing, Hindu nationalist party)
Vadodra (Gujarat)
Popl: 1.7 million
Dr Jigeeshaben Jatinbhai Sheth June 2018 • Studied M.D. Anaesthesia.
• Current other offices- Vice President BJP City, Director of the Smart City Vadodara (SCV), Director of Vadodara Urban Development Association (VUDA), Served two terms as Municipal Councillor
• Party: BJP(Hindu nationalist, conservative)
Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh)
Popl: 1.7 million
Ms G Srijana (Commissioner) June 2019 • Qualified as Indian Administrative service (IAS) Batch 2013,
• Past offices: Joint collector of Visakhapatnam District (2016-2019), Sub collector of Vijayawada (2015)
• Party: Government Official

*The research was carried out in December 2020

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