ENVIRONMENT

Germany's greenest cities
By City Mayors Research*

Germany's green cities
ON THIS PAGE: Green spaces dominate German cities ||| Table: Germany's greenest cities ||| Research methodology

ON OTHER PAGES:
American cities save money by replacing obsolete urban infrastructure with green spaces

Green spaces dominate
Germany’s largest cities

June 2022: Almost 70 per cent of the land areas of Germany’s largest cities are devoted to parks, woodlands, fields and private gardens. With green spaces making up 86 per cent of its urban area, Siegen, in North-Rhine Westphalia, is the ‘greenest’ German city. Ludwigshafen, home to BASF, the world’s largest chemical company, is the least green of Germany’s 79 Großstädte, cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants. There are 17 cities where green spaces make up 80 per cent or more of their land areas. The list of 17 includes university cities like Aachen, Freiburg, Saarbrücken and Münster. The German capital Berlin is placed 63rd in the overall table, while Hamburg, Munich and Cologne are ranked 39th, 74th and 65th respectively.

With an aera of 3.7 square kilometres, Munich’s Englischer Garten is Germany’s largest city park. Berlin’s Tiergarten, Europe’s largest wildlife park, ranks second.  

The land area of all of Germany’s largest 79 cities totals, cities with more than 100,000 residents, 13,564 square kilometres, equivalent to the size of Montenegro, while their green spaces amount to 9,457 sq km, an area roughly the size of Cyprus. Green spaces include parks, woodland and agricultural land within city borders and also private gardens.


Germany's greenest cities

Rank
City
Population
Total area
in sq km (1)
Green spaces
in sq km (2)
Green spaces
(% of total area)
1
Siegen
103,000
115
99
86%
2
Göttingen
117,000
117
99
85%
3
Bergisch Gladbach
112,000
83
70
84%
4
Salzgitter
104,000
224
188
84%
5
Pforzheim
126,000
98
82
83%
6
Aachen
249,000
161
133
82%
7
Hildesheim
102,000
93
76
82%
8
Freiburg
231,000
153
125
82%
9
Hagen
189,000
160
130
81%
10
Saarbrücken
179,000
167
136
81%
11
Bielefeld
333,000
258
209
81%
12
Münster
316,000
303
245
81%
13
Paderborn
152,000
179
143
80%
14
Hamm
179,000
226
181
80%
15
Jena
111,000
114
91
80%
16
Remscheid
111,000
75
60
80%
17
Reutlingen
116,000
87
69
80%
18
Trier
112,000
117
92
79%
19
Wolfsburg
124,000
204
161
79%
20
Rostock
209,000
181
143
79%
21
Chemnitz
244,000
221
174
79%
22
Solingen
159,000
90
71
79%
23
Lübeck
216,000
214
167
78%
24
Wiesbaden
279,000
204
159
78%
25
Wuppertal
355,000
168
130
78%
26
Ulm
126,000
119
92
77%
27
Kassel
201,000
107
81
75%
28
Braunschweig
249,000
192
144
75%
29
Mönchengladbach
260,000
170
125
74%
30
Oldenburg
170,000
103
76
74%
31
Bottrop
117,000
101
74
73%
32
Koblenz
113,000
105
76
73%
33
Mülheim/Ruhr
171,000
91
66
73%
34
Bonn
331,000
141
102
72%
35
Darmstadt
159,000
122
88
72%
36
Heidelberg
159,000
109
79
72%
37
Ingolstadt
137,000
133
95
72%
38
Augsburg
296,000
147
105
72%
39
Hamburg
1,851,000
755
539
71%
40
Kiel
247,000
119
85
71%
41
Heilbronn
127,000
100
71
71%
42
Reckinghausen
111,000
66
47
71%
43
Dortmund
588,000
281
199
71%
44
Osnabrück
164,000
120
85
71%
45
Stuttgart
630,000
207
145
70%
46
Bochum
365,000
146
101
69%
47
Dresden
556,000
328
228
69%
48
Würzburg
127,000
88
61
69%
49
Potsdam
182,000
188
130
69%
50
Krefeld
227,000
138
95
69%
51
Bremen
567,000
325
222
68%
52
Essen
582,000
210
143
68%
53
Moers
104,000
68
45
66%
54
Hannover
534,000
204
133
65%
55
Offenbach
131,000
45
29
65%
56
Karlsruhe
308,000
173
111
64%
57
Gelsenkirchen
259,000
105
67
64%
58
Mainz
217,000
98
62
64%
59
Leverkusen
164,000
79
50
64%
60
Bremerhaven
114,000
94
58
62%
61
Neuss
153,000
100
61
61%
62
Erlangen
112,000
77
46
60%
63
Berlin
3,664,000
892
526
59%
64
Oberhausen
210,000
77
45
59%
65
Cologne
1,083,000
405
237
58%
66
Herne
157,000
51
30
58%
67
Frankfurt/Main
764,000
248
144
58%
68
Duisburg
496,000
233
132
57%
69
Düsseldorf
620,000
217
123
57%
70
Magdeburg
236,000
201
109
54%
71
Erfurt
214,000
269
143
53%
72
Regensburg
152,000
81
43
53%
73
Fürth
128,000
63
33
52%
74
Munich
1,488,000
310
155
50%
75
Halle
238,000
135
66
49%
76
Nürnberg
515,000
186
89
48%
77
Mannheim
310,000
145
64
44%
78
Leipzig
597,000
297
126
42%
79
Ludwigshafen
173,000
78
27
35%
TOTAL / GERMAN AVERAGE
13,564
sq kms
9,457
sq kms
69%

Sources and research methodology:
(1) The research used the size of urban areas provided by municipal websites as well as relevant Wikipedia pages.

(2) The green spaces research was carried out the Berliner Morgenpost using 185 satellite images.

(3) The population figures date from 2020.


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