AMERICAN SOCIETY

Mass killings in American cities
By City Mayors Research*

Mass killings in American cities
ON THIS PAGE: Gun massacres in America ||| Mass shootings in 2022 |||  Mass school shootings ||| Domestic gun violence ||| Worst incidents of domestic mass shootings ||| The Second Amendment ||| Deadliest mass shootings in American cities |||


ON OTHER PAGES:
US states with the highest ration of mass shootings
||| While Congress dithers, American mayors push for stricter gun laws ||| Police killings of Black Americans |||



Massacres in schools, homes and churches
will not change America’s deadly gun culture

June 2022: Deadly shootings in schools, homes, churches or shopping malls do not deter Americans from buying and owning guns. American gun owners possess some 400 million weapons, accounting for nearly half the privately owned guns in the entire world. according to a 2018 report by the Small Arms Survey, a Geneva-based organisation. The US ratio of 120.5 firearms per 100 residents, up from 88 per 100 in 2011, is higher than in any other country in the world. Indeed, since the mass shootings in Buffalo (New York) and Uvalde (Texas) in May 2022 sales of semi-automatic AR-15 guns have surged.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that a total of 45,222 people died from gun-related injuries during 2020. The BBC in London published comparative research in May 2022 which showed that in the US 79 per cent of all homicides were gun-related, while in Canada only 37 per cent of homicides are committed with guns. The respective figures for Australia and the UK are 13 and four per cent.

America’s gun culture will not change. Since America did nothing after 20 primary school children and six adults were massacred at Sandy Hook (Connecticut) in December 2012, there is little hope that this year’s mass killings will change the country’s fascination with guns or its quasi-religious belief in the US Constitution’s Second Amendment.

On 14 February 2018, 17 students were shot dead at a high school in Parkland, Florida by a 19-year-old teenager, using the same type of gun that was used at Sandy Hook, while on 18 May 2018, a 17-year-old student shot dead 10 people and wounded 13 others at Santa Fe High School (Houston) Texas. In October 2018, 11 synagogue goers were shot dead in Pittsburgh, PA. On 3 August 2019, a far-right gunman killed 23 people and injured 23 others at a Walmart store in El Paso (Texas). And in May 2022, an 18-year-old man, motivated by hate against Black people, shot and killed ten people in Buffalo (New York). In the same month, another 18-year-old shot and killed 19 school kids and two teachers at the Robb Elementary School in Uvalde (Texas) after having shot his grandmother in her home.


Mass shootings in 2022
Between January and June 2022, gun violence in the US caused the death of more than 19,000 people, including 8,500 murders and 10,500 suicides. Some 700 children and teenagers were killed and 1,800 injured. While America’s gun lobby, led by the National Rifle Association (NRA) claims that people buy and own guns to protect their families and homes, there have been less than 500 cases where guns were used in self-defence.

Following the Buffalo and Uvalde mass shootings, US President Joe Biden said that over the last two decades, more school-aged children have died from guns than on-duty police officers and active-duty military combined. Guns are the number one killer of children in the US. The number one killer. More than car accidents. More than cancer.”

American culture accepts violence and the ready availability of guns make it deadly. Joseph Pierre, a professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, wrote in a paper that gun culture was American culture. “We’re a country born out of violent revolt against an oppressor. In more recent generations, the idea of ‘good guys with guns’ - played out in childhood games ... has remained part of the archetypal American hero. It’s something that’s routinely reinforced in Hollywood cinema that glorifies gun violence when it’s used to fight bad guys.”


Mass school shootings
In the two decades following the Columbine mass shooting in 1999, the US has experienced at least 12 mass school shootings and hundreds of smaller-scale attacks that have touched every state in the union, with more than 278,000 students experiencing some form of gun violence. John Cohen, a former Department of Homeland Security official, stated that Columbine “absolutely” influenced subsequent shootings. Mass shootings since Columbine include:
• Robb Elementary School, Uvalde, Texas. In May 2022, a shooter killed 19 fourth-grade students and two teachers and was in turn killed by law enforcement officials.
Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, Parkland, Florida. In 2018, a shooter killed 17 students and wounded 17 more.
• Santa Fe High School, Houston, Texas: In May 2018 a 17-year-old shot dead 10 people and wounded 13 others.
Sandy Hook Elementary School, Newtown, Connecticut. In 2012, a shooter killed 20 first-grade students, six adults, and finally himself.
• Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia. In 2007, a shooter killed 27 students and five faculty members, as well as himself. As of 2021, the Virginia Tech attack is the deadliest school shooting in U.S. history.


Domestic gun violence
The presence of a gun allows an ordinary argument to turn deadly, a scenario that is increasingly played out in peoples’ homes.

Analysis by City Mayors Research shows that almost one third of shootings happens in domestic settings. The research examined 161 mass shootings, defined as incidents where three and more people were killed by guns, and found that in 53 cases (32.9%) family members, children or relationship partners were involved. The most horrific incidents include a father who killed his two children and their mother, a 20-year-old man who fatally shot his father, mother and sister and a mother who killed her husband and two daughters. There are numerous cases where victims include children as young as five, six or seven.

Domestic violence in America does not seem to be regarded as a major social problem. It barely features in political discussions and local media pay domestic shootings with deadly outcomes hardly more attention than road traffic accidents.


Worst recent incidents of domestic
violence with fatal consequences.
(Please note: City Mayors Research examined 53 cases of domestic mass shootings in the largest US cities. The sample is by no means exhaustive as it does not include instances where fewer than three people were killed or shootings in smaller communities.)
• April 2022, Denver, Colorado: Gunman kills aunt, her boyfriend and 4-year-old boy.
• November 2021, Fort Wayne: 20-year-old gunman kills mother, father, sister before killing himself.
• October 2021, Austin, Texas: Father kills wife, son and himself.
• February 2021, Colorado Springs, Colorado: Gunman kills 19-year-old, her 17-year-old brother and self.
• January 2021, Indianapolis, Indiana: 17-year-old kills father, stepmother, two teenage relative and 19-year-old pregnant woman.
• March 2020, Dallas, Texas: Father kills mother, two children before killing himself.
• January 2020, Miami, Florida: Gunman kills mother, grandmother and great-grandmother of his new-born child.
• October 2019, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Mother kills husband and two daughters.
• April 2019, Fort Worth, Texas: Gunman kills his two children and sister-in-law before killing himself.
• September 2018, Bakersfield, California: Gunman kills wife and four others before killing himself.
• September 2018: Henderson, Nevada: Husband kills wife, son, stepson before killing himself.


The Second Amendment
Despite all the carnage caused by guns on America’s streets, in homes and schools, the country’s gun culture will not change. Since America did nothing after 20 primary school children and six adults were massacred at Sandy Hook (Connecticut) in December 2012, there is little hope that this year’s mass killings in Buffalo and Uvalde will change Americans’ fascination with guns or their quasi-religious belief in the US Constitution’s Second Amendment.

There have been very few suggestions to re-write the Second Amendment, which supposedly guarantees every American citizen the right to keep and bear arms: “A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the People to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.” While in most cases before it, the US Supreme Court has sided with the gun lobby’s interpretation of the Second Amendment, some scholars argue that its authors meant to say that citizens had the right to form and join armed militias to defend themselves against enemies.


Deadliest mass shootings
in largest American cities

Cities, states, population
Date of mass shootings
No of people killed and injured
Notes
(Domestic shootings in red)
Albuquerque
New Mexico
556,000
January 2019 Killed 5, Injured 0 Man convicted of fatally shooting his parents and three siblings.
September 2019 Killed 4, injured 2 Four people killed in drive-by shooting on trailer park
December 2016 Killed 4, injured 1 Killer broke into ex's home, shot her, children, then self.
May 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills girlfriend's teenage daughter and her cousin before killing himself.
Anaheim
California
345,000
September 2020 Killed 3, injured 0 Double homicide and suicide.
Anchorage
Alaska
301,000
May 2015 Killed 4, injured 0 24-year-old kills partner, 2 children and self.
September 2017 Killed 3, injured 0 Three men shot dead.
Arlington
Texas
380,000
May 2021 Killed 3, injured 1 Three people were killed and a fourth person was wounded, killer among the dead.
Atlanta
Georgia
448,000
August 2021 Killed 3, injured 0 Night club shooting.
May 2021 Killed 3, injured 0 Two males, one female killed.
November 2020 Killed 3, injured 3 Shootout between two groups, plus off-duty law enforcement officer, working as security engaged by Rapper Dayvon Bennett.
October 2020 Killed 3, injured 0 Three males killed.
March 2020 Killed 3, injured 0 Drug related shootout, three males killed.
January 2017 Killed 3, injured1 Drug-related killing.
November 2014 Killed 3, injured 2 Home invasion; four people killed or injured excluding the perpetrator.
Aurora
Colorado
346,000
January 2013 Killed 4, injured 0 One female, three males including the male killer, who may have been high on methamphetamine, died during an hour-long police standoff.
Austin
Texas
885,000
October 2021 3 killed, 0 injured Domestic killing. Father kills wife, son and himself.
April 2021 3 killed, 0 injured Former Travis County police officer, fired for child sex assault, killed ex-wife, daughter, daughter's boyfriend at custody exchange.
March 2017 3 killed, 1 injured One female, one male killed, one female injured. Killer shoots victims over business deal gone bad. Shooter killed himself.
Bakersfield
California
364,000
September 2018 6 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills his wife and four others before turning the gun on himself.
January 2020 3 killed, 0 injured Gang related. Male victims aged 16, 17 and 18.
July 2016 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills his father and another male before killing himself.
August 2014 3 killed, 1 injured All four male victims in their 20s.
Baltimore
Maryland
622,000
March 2022 3 killed, 1 injured Four men found shot in a vehicle. Three dead males in their 20s, one injured male aged 73.
January 2022 3 killed, 1 injured All four male victims in their 20s.
November 2021 3 killed, 1 injured Gunman kills two, injures one in separate incidents. Police officer kills gunman.
May 2021 3 killed, 0 injured All three male victims in their 20s.
December 2019 3 killed, 0 injured Three males in their 20s and 30s killed.
Boston
Massachusetts
646,000
July 2020 2 killed, 0 injured Two male teenagers shot dead.
Buffalo
New York
259,000
May 2022 10 killed, 3 injured 18-year-old gunman kills 10 at supermarket while livestreaming on social media. He posted an online manifesto in which he described himself as a white supremacist.
June 2021 3 killed, 0 injured Targeted shooting.
May 2021 3 killed, 0 injured Man kills ex-girlfriend and her mother before killing himself. 6-year-old child uninjured.
Chandler
Arizona
249,000
January 2022 2 killed, 0 injured Husband called police saying he had shot his wife; then shot himself. Both were in their 70s.
Charlotte
North Carolina
793,000
June 2020 4 killed, 5 injured At least 181 rounds were fired during a shooting at an impromptu block party that killed four people and hurt several others. Several shooters were involved. Police said nine people were shot - three of which have died. The fourth victim died after being hit by a car.
February 2019 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills girlfriend's father and female friend before killing himself.
August 2020 3 killed, 0 injured Three males in their 20s shot dead.
Chicago
Illinois
2,719,000
June 2021 5 killed, 3 injured Five people were killed and three others seriously wounded after an argument during a house party. Premises used for illegal activities.
October 2019 5 killed, 0 injured Gunman shoots five neighbours while they were having dinner.
December 2016 5 killed, 0 injured Robbery at a 'dope house'. Occupants, who sold narcotics, killed by 'clients'.
July 2020 4 killed, 4 injured Gunman shoots at people attending a street party. All victims are male, three in their teens.
Chula Vista
California
257,000
February 2018 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills girlfriend and her aunt before committing suicide.
Cincinnati
Ohio
298,000
September 2018 4 killed, 2 injured Victims were unknown to each other. Gunman killed by police.
September 2021 3 killed, 0 injured Three male victims in their early 20s.
February 2021 3 killed, 3 injured Gunman kills wife and two others; police apprehend gunman in violent struggle.
Cleveland
Ohio
390,000
September 2019 4 killed, 0 injured Bodies of four men in their late teens found in a decaying state.
November 2014 5 killed, 1 injured 19-year old gunman killed five people including a 9-year old child and a pregnant woman..
May 2021 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills former girlfriend and another woman before killing himself.
Colorado Springs
Colorado
440,000
May 2021 7 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills six people at a birthday party before killing himself. Victims include girlfriend of killer.
October 2021 4 killed, 0 injured Owner of gun shop kills two juveniles, one adult before killing himself.
February 2021 4 killed, 0 injured Ex-boyfriend kills 19-year-old woman and her 17-year-old brother before killing himself.
Columbus
Ohio
823,000
November 2015 4 killed, 1 injured Neighbour kills three people before being shot by police.
Corpus Christi
Texas
316,000
September 2019 3 killed, 0 injured Three people killed by two gunmen. Drugs involved.
Dallas
Texas
1,258,000
July 2016 6 killed, 9 injured Sniper kills five police officer and injures nine people at peaceful justice rally. Gunman killed by bomb.
March 2020 4 killed, 0 injured Father kills two children and mother before killing himself.
Denver
Colorado
649,000
December 2021 6 killed, 2 injured Gunman killed five people on a killing spree before killing himself.
April 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills aunt, her male friend and 4-year-old boy.
May 2019 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills three family members.
Detroit
Michigan
689,000
February 2018 5 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills three people at petrol station, later a cousin at home before killing himself. Victims include mother of gunman's child.
July 2020 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills four after argument in casino.
February 2018 4 killed, 3 injured Two gunmen kill three, police kill one of the gunmen and arrest other.
February 2022 3 killed, 0 injured 16-year old gunman kills one male, one female and one 5-year old boy.
El Paso
Texas
674,000
August 2019 23 killed, 23 injured Gunman kills 23 people in random shooting in shopping mall. Several Mexican nationals among the victims.
Fort Wayne
Indiana
256,000
November 2021 4 killed, 0 injured 20-year old gunman kills mother, father, sister before killing himself.
Fort Worth
Texas
793,000
April 2019 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills his two children and sister-in-law before killing himself.
Fresno
California
510,000
November 2019 4 killed, 6 injured Two gunmen opened fire at family watching football. Killers arrested.
Greensboro
North Carolina
280,000
January 2020 3 killed, 0 injured Woman kills relatives including two children.
Henderson
Nevada
271,000
November 2020 4 killed, 1 injured Gunman kills three neighbours before being shot by police.
September 2018 4 killed, 0 injured Husband kills wife, son, stepson before killing himself.
Honolulu
Hawaii
983,000
January 2020 4 killed, 0 injured Tenant kills landlady and two police officers before killing himself in burning building.
December 2019 3 killed, 1 injured Sailor kills two civilians before killing himself.
Houston
Texas
2,200,00
August 2015 8 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills man and woman and six children.
April 2017 5 killed, 0 injured Woman kills four relatives before killing herself.
May 2022 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills 'estranged' wife, 4-year-old daughter and mother-in-law before killing himself.
May 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills two before killing himself.
January 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills wife and 16-year-old son before killing himself.
Indianapolis
Indiana
843,000
April 2021 9 killed, 7 injured 19-year old gunman kills eight before killing himself.
January 2021 5 killed, 1 injured 17-year-old kills father, stepmother and two teenage relatives as well as 19-year old pregnant woman.
May 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Three men shot dead in a car.
April 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills one male, one female before killing himself in domestic murder-suicide.
Irvine
California
271,600
April 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills two before killing himself.
Jacksonville
Florida
843,000
November 2015 4 killed, 1 injured Gunman kills three before killing himself in domestic shooting.
Jersey City
New Jersey
257,000
December 2019 6 killed, 3 injured Two people, one male, one female, open fire at Jewish supermarket, killing four people including one police officer. The two killers fatally shot by police.
Kansas City
Missouri
467,000
June 2018 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills his mother, his step father, the mother of his teenage daughter before killing himself.
March 2021 3 killed 0 injured Three people shot dead in road rage incident.
October 2019 3 killed, 0 injured Two people, one male, one female, kill two men and one woman.
Laredo
Texas
248,000
February 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Three men in their 20s killed in an altercation outside a nightclub.
Las Vegas
Nevada
603,000
October 2017 59 killed, 441 injured Gunman opens fire on crowd attending music festival on Las Vegas Strip, killing 59 people and wounding 441. An additional 420 people were injured in the ensuing panic. The gunman dies of self-inflicted gunshot wounds.
June 2016 5 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills wife, his three children before killing himself.
June 2014 5 killed, 0 injured Right-wing extremists, one male, one female, kill two police officers and one other person before female killer shoots herself and male killer shot dead by police.
Lexington
Kentucky
308,000
May 2022 3 killed, 0 injured 64-year-old gunman kills wife and two adult daughters.
Lincoln
Nebraska
269,000
May 2016 3 killed, 0 injured Two women, one man, all in their 50s shot dead.
Long Beach
California
469,000
October 2019 3 killed, 9 injured Three males killed in mass shooting outside residential property.
Los Angeles
California
3,884,000
October 2016 4 killed, 11 injured Shootout in a restaurant between two gangs.
December 2015 4 killed, 0 injured Husband kills wife, son's girlfriend and one other in his home before son wrestles gun away and fatally shoots father.
Louisville
Kentucky
610,000
March 2016 4 killed, 0 injured Father shoots wife and his two young children before killing himself.
Memphis
Tennessee
653,000
October 2021 3 killed, injured 0 Postal worker kills tow colleagues before killing himself.
March 2021 3 killed, 2 injured Gunman kills three, injures 2 before later killing himself.
June 2021 3 killed, 1 injured Gunman kills two women, one man in multi-tenant house before handing himself in to police.
Mesa
Arizona
458,000
March 2021 3 killed, 1 injured Gunman kills wife and 18-year daughter, injures 12-old daughter before killing himself.
Miami
Florida
418,000
January 2020 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills mother, grandmother and great-grandmother of his new-born child.
June 2021 3 killed, 6 injured Gunmen opened fire on diners in restaurant, killing two women and one man and injuring six others.
May 2021 3 killed, 1 injured Gunman kills two women before killing himself. Father of gunman escapes with injuries.
Milwaukee
Wisconsin
599,000
January 2022 6 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills six people, five males, one female, in home in Milwaukee.
February 2020 6 killed, 0 injured Electrician kills five co-workers before killing himself. All victims were male.
April 2020 5 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills five members of his family.
December 2021 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills three people including his fiancée and 7-year-old boy before killing himself.
Minneapolis
Minnesota
400,000
December 2019 4 killed, 0 injured Husband kills wife and two boys, aged eight and eleven, before killing himself.
December 2016 3 killed, 1 injured Father kills two children, one boy, one girl and injures ex-wife before killing himself.
Nashville
Tennessee
634,000
November 2021 3 killed, 4 injured Six family members shot, two fatally, in robbery. One robber also killed.
October 2020 3 killed, 0 injured Three men killed in drug-related shooting
New Orleans
Louisiana
379,000
March 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Three people killed in robbery. Gunman, an 18-year-old male, killed another person a few days later.
February 2022 3 killed, 0 injured One bystander, a 15-year-old girl, and two gunmen killed in street shooting.
New York City
New York
8,410,000
January 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Two police officers and gunman shot dead during domestic incident.
October 2019 3 killed, 0 injured Tenant kills resident building caretaker and wife, sets fire to building before killing himself.
Norfolk
Virginia
246,000
March 2022 3 killed, 2 injured Three bystanders killed in shooting outside nightclub. Two participants injured, gunman unharmed.
November 2021 3 killed, 2 injured Gunman shoots five women, three fatally, in domestic incident.
September 2021 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills woman and 10-year-old girl before killing himself in domestic incident.
Oakland
California
406,000
January 2019 3 killed, 0 injured Three males in their 20s killed in street shooting.
Oklahoma City
Oklahoma
611,000
January 2019 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills community worker, his girlfriend and her 15-year-old daughter.
January 2017 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills three acquaintances, two males, one female, in apartment.
Omaha
Nebraska
434,000
December 2017 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills parents and niece.
January 2015 3 killed, 5 injured Two females, one male, all in their 20s, killed in gang-related shooting. Injured, all males also in their 20s.
Orlando
Florida
255,000
June 2016 50 killed, 53 injured Shooting in gay nightclub was at the time the worst mass shooting in US history.
June 2018 6 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills four children, aged one to 12, one policeman before killing himself in domestic incident. Two children are gunman's own.
June 2017 6 killed 0 injured Gunman kills five former co-workers before killing himself.
Philadelphia
Pennsylvania
1,553,000;
4 June 2022 3 killed, 12 injured Street altercation between two men escalates into gun fight involving four men. One gunman killed. Other victims innocent bystanders.
October 2019 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman shoots his mother, step-father and their two sons in head.
November 2018 4 killed, 0 injured Two men and two women were found shot in the head in the basement of a home. The four were killed execution-style.
March 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Two of the men found dead in a stolen vehicle with a stolen license plate. The third was found dead in an alleyway nearby. All victims in their late teens.
October 2019 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman shot and killed a 2-year-old girl, her mother and a contractor inside a home. Target was father not home at time of shooting. Killer arrested.
October 2019 3 killed, 1 injured Mother kills husband, two daughters before trying to kill herself.
December 2018 3 killed, 0 injured Drug-related gun fight. Three male victims in their 30s
December 2018 3 killed, 0 injured Murder, suicide. Gunman killed man and women after an argument then killed himself.
Phoenix
Arizona
1,513,000
April 2015 5 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills four family members, two males, two females, before killing himself in dispute over family business.
March 2021 4 killed, 1 injured Gunman kills grandparents and uncle before being shot dead by other family member.
February 2018 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills three males in their 20s before being fatally in getaway car by police.
Plano
Texas
274,000
September 2017 9 killed, 1 injured Gunman opened fire on a party watching a football match, killing eight people before being fatally shot by police. Victims include estranged wife of gunman.
Portland
Oregon
609,000
June 2021 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills four young men in drug-related shooting. Gunman arrested.
July 2020 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills three neighbours before being arrested.
Sacramento
California
480,000
April 2022 6 killed, 12 injured Gang-related shoot out in downtown area of Sacramento. Two or three shooters involved.
February 2022 5 killed, 0 injured Father kills his three children, aged 9, 10 and 13, and a chaperone during a supervised church visit before killing himself.
San Antonio
Texas
1,409,000
April 2020 4 killed, 0 injured Mother kills her two children, aged three and five, and her own mother before killing herself.
August 2019 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills four family members, including 80-year-old grandmother, before setting fire to family home and killing himself.
San Diego
California
1,356,000
November 2019 6 killed, 0 injured Father kills estranged wife and his four sons aged 3, 5, 9 and 11, before killing himself.
January 2017 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills man and woman before killing himself.
San Francisco
California
837,000
June 2017 4 killed, 2 injured Gunman kills three co-workers, injuring two others before killing himself.
January 2015 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills four men in their 20s before being arrested.
San Jose
California,
999,000
May 2021 10 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills nine co-workers before killing himself.
June 2019 5 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills four family members before killing himself.
May 2017 3 killed, o injured Gunman kills parents of ex-girlfriend before being fatally shot by police.
Seattle
Washington
652,000
September 2021 3 killed, 3 injured Gunman kills two man, one woman during fight outside bar.
Stockton
California
298,000
March 2019 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills two males, one female, all in their late teens. All victims shot dead while sitting in a car in, possibly, a gang-related shooting.
Tampa
Florida
353,000
March 2020 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills flatmates, one male, one female, before killing himself.
November 2019 3 killed, 0 injured Two gunmen kill three in armed robbery. Burn down mobile home.
Toleda
Ohio
282,000
November 2020 3 killed, 2 injured Gunman kills two males, one female in apartment building.
Tulsa
Oklahoma
398,000
June 2022 5 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills surgeon and three staff of a medical center, claiming a back operation went wrong. Gunman kills himself.
April 2015 4 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills wife and his two sons, aged 6 and 10, before killing himself.
Virginia Beach
Virginia
448,000
May 2019 13 killed, 4 injured Former employee kills 12 people in city's municipal centre. Gunman also killed.
March 2022 3 killed, 0 injured Gunman kills girlfriend, her father and cousin at different locations.
Washington
District of Columbia
690,000
December 2021 3 killed, 3 injured Three gunmen kill three people, one female, two males, in gang-related shooting.
July 2020 3 killed, 0 injured Two males, one female fatally shot.

*Methodology
The analysis was carried out in May and June 2022 following the mass shootings in Buffalo (New York) and Uvalde (Texas). The research considered mass shootings, defined as incidents where three or more people were killed, in the largest US cities. The victims may include the gunman. In each case, the research made use of local media reports. Raw data was provided by Gun Violence Archive (GVA), the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Small Arms Survey and the BBC.

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