THE WOMEN MAYORS PROJECT

FEMALE MAYORS IN EUROPEEurope lacks women mayors
By City Mayors Research*

ON THIS PAGE: Introduction ||| Women mayors in Europe's regions ||| Women mayors in European countries

ON OTHER PAGES: ON OTHER PAGES: Capital cities with women mayors ||| Women mayors in America ||| Women mayors in Europe ||| Europe's most powerful female mayors ||| South America's women mayors

January 2022: There are very few female mayors in cities across Europe. Just under 17 per cent of the continent’s largest cities have women - elected or appointed - as their leaders. In Northern Europe almost one third of mayors are female, while in Southern Europe the percentage of women as leaders of local government is below nine per cent. Norway is the only country in Europe where most of the mayors of larger towns and cities are women. In Italy and Greece, no women have been elected as heads of large cities.

In addition to Norway, individual countries with an above average number of female mayors include Finland, France and Switzerland. While Berlin recently elected a woman as head of its municipal government, in Germany there are only two women in charge of larger cities. European capital cities with female mayors are Berlin, Oslo, Stockholm, Paris, Luxembourg, Amsterdam and Sofia.

The majority – 40 out of 71 – of female mayors of large European cities belong to parties on the left of the political spectrum. Some 17 are members of centrist parties, while eight mayors are on the nationalist right. Six mayors describe themselves as independent or unaffiliated.


Women mayors in European regions

Region
No. of female mayors out of No. of cities reviewed
Percentage of largest cities with female mayors
Countries reviewed
Northern Europe
21 out of 65
32.3%
Estonia, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden
Eastern Europe
11 out of 75
14.7%
Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovakia
Western Europe
22 out of 120
18.3%
Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Switzerland, UK
Southern Europe
4 out of 45
8.9%
Italy, Portugal, Spain
South Eastern Europe
13 out of 115
11.3%
Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey
Across Europe
71 out of 420
16.9%
The above


Women mayors in European countries
(In greater detail: Europe's most powerful female mayors)

Country
No of female mayors
Politics
Notes
Albania
2
Left 1; Conservative 1 Largest 5 cities reviewed
Austria
2
Communist 1;
Conservative 1
Largest 15 cities reviewed
Belgium
1
Left 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Bulgaria
1
Right 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Croatia
2
Left 1; Independent 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Czech Republic
1
Conservative 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Denmark
3
Left 1; Centre 1; Conservative 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Estonia
2
Left 1; Centre 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Finland
5
Left 1; Conservative 3; Independent 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
France
5
Left 4; Green 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Germany
2
Left 1; Independent 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Greece
0
n/a Largest 15 cities reviewed
Hungary
2
Right 1; Independent 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Italy
0
n/a Largest 15 cities reviewed
Luxembourg
1
Centre 1 Largest 5 cities reviewed
Netherlands
2
Left 2 Largest 15 cities reviewed
North Macedonia
1
Independent 1 Largest 5 cities reviewed
Norway
10
Left 10 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Poland
2
Centre 1; Independent 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Portugal
2
Left 2 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Romania
2
Left 1; Centre 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Russia
3
Nationalist right 3 Largest 15 cities reviewed; The review included cities in the Asian part of Russia
Serbia
2
Right 2 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Slovakia
3
Centre 1; Conservative 1; Independent 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Slovenia
2
Left 1; Centre 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Spain
2
Left 1; Conservative 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Sweden
2
Left 1; Centre 1 Largest 5 cities reviewed
Switzerland
4
Left 3; Green 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed
Turkey
1
Right 1 Largest 15 cities reviewed; The review included cities in the Asian part of Turkey
United Kingdom
5
Left 5 All 25 metro regions, cities and London boroughs with elected mayors reviewed

* The research for Women Mayors in Europe was carried out by City Mayors during December 2021 , January and February 2022. The analysis comprised 420 cities in 30 countries.


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