US Senator and 2004 Democratic presidential candidate John F Kerry
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This archived article was published before the 2 November 2004 US elections
John Kerry says America must
do much more for its urban areas
Extracts from John Kerry’s address to the 2004
National Urban League annual conference in Detroit

On 22 July 2004 in Detroit, US Senator and Democratic presidential candidate John F Kerry addressed the 2004 annual conference of the National Urban League:

"When I look around urban areas, towns and cities across this nation, I see what so many of you see everyday.

• We see jobs to be created.
• We see families to house.
• We see violence to stop.
• We see children to teach – and children to care for.
• We see too many people without health care and too many people of color suffering and dying from preventable diseases like cancer and AIDS and diabetes.
• In too many places, we see freedom standing still.

When we look at what is happening in America today we must ask ourselves, where are the deeds? The Bible teaches us: “It is not enough, my brother, to say you have faith, when there are no deeds…Faith without deeds is dead.”

Fifty years ago, Thurgood Marshall, Whitney Young, the National Urban League and America turned faith into deeds when you fought and won Brown v Board of Education. Forty years ago, Lyndon Johnson, Dr. King, the National Urban League and America turned faith into deeds when the nation passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. And next year the nation will again be reminded that you helped turned faith into deeds 40 years ago to push for the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Today we have an administration in Washington that looks at the challenges we face here and around the world and says this is the best we can do. They say what we have now is the best economy of our lifetimes. They have even called us pessimists for speaking truth to power. Well, I say the most pessimistic thing you can say is that America can’t do better.

Don’t tell us 1.8 million lost jobs is the best we can do, when we can create millions of new jobs. We can change that…and we will.

Don’t tell us unemployment is not a problem, when we see that African American unemployment is now above 10 per cent – double the rate for whites. It is unacceptable in the wealthiest nation on earth that we tolerate vast and growing pockets of poverty – from the hills of Appalachia to the streets of Detroit. Raising the minimum wage and making life better for the working poor is part of my vision for a stronger America. We can change that…and we will.

Don’t tell us crumbling and overcrowded schools and underpaid teachers are the best we can do. We have the means to give all our children a first-rate education. We can change that…and we will.

Don’t tell us we have to accept racial profiling, hate crimes or the assault by right-wing judges on our precious civil rights progress. We can change that…and we will.

Don’t tell us that in the strongest democracy on earth, a million disenfranchised African Americans and the most tainted election in history is the best we can do. We can change that…and we will.

Don’t tell us in the richest country in the world, that we can’t do better than 44 million people uninsured. Nearly 60 per cent of Hispanics and 43 per cent of African Americans lacked health insurance for all or part of the last two years. We can change that…and we will.

W.E.B. Dubois talked about the two Americas years ago. He called it “a nation within a nation.”

Our job, between now and November is to end the division between the fortunate America and the forgotten America.

John Edwards and I have talked about closing that gap for many years now. We must come to together to build one America.

During the course of this campaign I’ve met young people who want nothing more than to be able to find a job in the place they were raised. I’ve met steelworkers and mineworkers and autoworkers who have seen their jobs and equipment unbolted before their eyes and shipped overseas. Some have even had to train their foreign replacements. I’ve spent time with seniors who have worked for a lifetime but can’t pay for their medicines or hardly make ends meet. And I have talked with parents full of hope and ambition for their children but they don’t know what to do about classrooms that are overcrowded and teachers who are underpaid. And they are worried that they won’t be able to afford to send their kids to college.

My faith teaches me, “Where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.” Let me tell you where my heart is: it’s with the middle class who are the heart of this country; it’s with the working families who built this country; it’s with the veterans who saved this country; with the cops and firefighters and soldiers who protect this country; and it is with the children who are the future of this country. They deserve a president who believes in them, who shares their values, and who with every fiber of his being to uphold them.

For four years, we have heard a lot of talk about values. John Edwards and I have the vision and values to bring out country together again and build stronger communities. For us and for you, values are more than just words on a page. They are about the causes we champion and the choices we make.

And I am running for president because I believe that what matters most is not the narrow values that divide, but the shared values that unite all of us in this country.

Let me tell you what values mean to me and John Edwards.

Values mean having an opportunity agenda for metropolitan America. That means bringing capital, small business opportunities and job creation to all of our communities – especially our central cities and the surrounding metropolitan areas.

As president, I will create a small business opportunity fund to ensure that small businesses have all the support they need to grow and thrive – expanding loans to micro-enterprises, increasing the federal government’s venture capital investments and expanding loan programs for small businesses.  I will also increase federal contracting opportunities for minority-owned small business growth in urban areas. I will maintain support for empowerment zones, New Markets Tax Incentives and the Community Re-investment Act. And I will make sure the New Market Venture Capital Program has the funding it needs to fulfill its promise of meeting the unmet equity needs of low income communities.

I will also give states and metropolitan areas the flexibility to use transportation dollars the way you see fit. And I will provide providing adequate funding for homeland security and port security so that the people in our metropolitan areas are able move about freely, get to good jobs and live without fear.

Values mean helping all Americans lay the cornerstone of the American Dream with the purchase of their own home. The Urban League has a long track record in counseling consumers and fighting to make the dream of homeownership real for millions of people. Yes, it’s true, since the 1990s, homeownership has gone up in America. And that’s a good thing. But it’s not that simple. While homeownership has risen, programs that help hard-pressed families put a roof over their head have been cut. Those are the people we need to help the most. The Administration’s budget would cut Section 8 vouchers by more than $1 billion, denying 250,000 families housing assistance. At the same time, he has proposed to entirely eliminate the HOPE VI program, that’s been critical to revitalizing distressed public housing.

I believe we must do more to give the young people in our cities and metropolitan areas alternatives to lives of hopelessness and alienation. I am glad that the Urban League and this conference have also put that at the top of your agenda. In New York City, 50 per cent of black men are unemployed. And New York Times columnist Bob Herbert cited a new study this week showing that “By 2002, one of every four black men in the United States was idle all year long. This idleness rate was twice as high as that of white and Hispanic males.” As Herbert put it, “Things fall apart when 25 per cent of the male population is jobless.”

Or as my mother used to say, “An idle mind is the devil’s workshop.”

One of the things brewing in that workshop is gangs and gang violence.

During the 1990s, we saw historic drops in crime, including gang violence. But in the last few years, that has turned around. Just between 2000 and 2002, the number of gang-related murders rose by 40 per cent. That means that literally hundreds of lives once full of hope and promise have been lost. The response of this administration has been to cut support for cops on the beat and cut support for efforts to prevent gang violence.

We can do so much better—better for the communities that are living in fear because of gang violence, and better also for these young people who have a real future if we just reach out to them.

When I am President, we are going to make it a priority to restore safety to communities wracked by violence. Communities and community-based organizations across America have shown us how. First, we’re going to send a strong message to young people: the violence must stop, and if it doesn’t, police and prosecutors will hold you accountable, period. We’re not doing anybody any favors if we let the current rise in gang violence continue. But second, we also need to send young people a strong, clear message that there is another path, and if they are willing to take that path, we will be there with them—with job training, job opportunities, and drug treatment.

I believe we have to stop being a nation content to spend as much as $50,000 a year to keep a young person in prison for life – when can spend $10,000 a year to give them Head Start, Early Start, Smart Start, the best possible start in life.

I’ve said it before, and I’ll say it again, this is the most important election of our lifetime. Our health care is on the line. Our jobs are on the line. Our children’s future is on the line. America’s role in the world is on the line. Our empowerment is on the line.

That is why we cannot accept a repeat of 2000. This November, thanks to the efforts of the NAACP, the National Urban League and heightened vigilance across the nation, we are not only going to make sure that every vote counts; we’re going to make sure that every single vote is counted. We learned our lesson in 2000, and I add my voice to those who have vowed: never again."

The National Urban League Logo: The circle with the equal sign represents the National Urban League movement’s strong commitment to equality for all people. The design and style have changed over the years but the basic symbolism has not. The equal sign within the circle serves as a graphic reminder of the League’s commitment to equality.

Introducing the National Urban League
The National Urban League, which has played so pivotal a role in the 20th -Century Freedom Movement, grew out of that spontaneous grassroots movement for freedom and opportunity that came to be called the Black Migrations. When the US Supreme Court declared its approval of segregation in the 1896 'Plessy v. Ferguson' decision, the brutal system of economic, social and political oppression the White South quickly adopted rapidly transformed what had been a trickle of African Americans northward into a flood.

Those newcomers to the North soon discovered they had not escaped racial discrimination.  Excluded from all but menial jobs in the larger society, victimized by poor housing and education, and inexperienced in the ways of urban living, many lived in terrible social and economic conditions.

Still, in the degree of difference between South and North lay opportunity, and that African Americans clearly understood.

But to capitalize on that opportunity, to successfully adapt to urban life and to reduce the pervasive discrimination they faced, they would need help.  That was the reason the Committee on Urban Conditions Among Negroes was established on 29 September 1910 in New York City. Central to the organization's founding were two remarkable people: Mrs. Ruth Standish Baldwin and Dr. George Edmund Haynes, who would become the Committee's first executive secretary. More