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American mayors form
action coalition to push
for immigration reform

New York City, 12 December 2014:
Mayors from 43 US cities have joined in a coalition to support President Obama’s recent executive order to legalise the status of some five million undocumented immigrants. The coalition, United Cities for Immigration action, which includes cities such as Los Angeles, Minneapolis, San Francisco, Houston, Seattle and New York, was set up two weeks ago to back the President against the Republican opposition and, more importantly, to create a nationwide framework that will give illegal immigrants the confidence to register with the authorities. There are hundreds of thousands of immigrants who have lived and worked in the US for many years but have never had any dealings with local or state offices.

Earlier this week, New York Mayor Bill de Blasio hosted a summit of mayors to exchange views on how the changes to immigration should be implemented and could be co-ordinated. Mayor de Blasio stressed the need to reach all eligible immigrants through community outreach and public educations and to safeguard immigrants from fraudulent services. The mayor also told his guests that it was vital businesses, faith groups and local community organisations should become involved in the process as early as possible.

"The president's plan to act on immigration reform is crucial to creating a more just country, and the federal government is depending on cities to implement the plan," de Blasio said. "It is critical that we get it right. Mayors are in the trenches and see firsthand the need for comprehensive immigration reform. We will take this opportunity to lay the ground work for a deeper national movement from the grassroots up."

The New York summit of mayors marked the launch of a forum that allows local leaders to swap tips on how to prepare for once the millions of immigrants who qualify for the President’s actions are able to begin the application process, expected as soon as February. Mayors hope to kick off a social media campaign to spur action and awareness across the country. Also in February, elected officials are planning a “Mayoral Lobby Day” for city officials to ascend on Capitol Hill and lobby members of Congress who do not support comprehensive immigration reform.

Some of the mayors who have signed up to United Cities for Immigration Action:
• Christopher Taylor, Mayor of Ann Arbor, MI
• Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, Mayor of Baltimore, MD
• Don Gerard, Mayor of Champaign, IL
• Nan Whaley, Mayor of Dayton, OH
• Michael E. Duggan, Mayor of Detroit, MI
• Dayne Walling, Mayor of Flint, MI
• Pedro E. Segarra, Mayor of Hartford, CT
• Bobby Hopewell, Mayor of Kalamazoo, MI
• Eric Garcetti, Mayor of Los Angeles, CA
• Betsy Hodges, Mayor of Minneapolis, MN
• Marian McClellan, Mayor of Oak Park, MI
• Greg Stanton, Mayor of Phoenix, AZ
• Kurt R. Metzger, Mayor of Pleasant Ridge, MI
• Charlie Hales, Mayor of Portland, OR
• Gayle McLaughlin, Mayor of Richmond, CA
• Kevin Johnson, Mayor of Sacramento, CA
• Ed Lee, Mayor of San Francisco, CA
• Francis G. Slay, Mayor of St. Louis, MO
• Vincent Gray, Mayor of Washington, D.C.
• Kasim Reed, Mayor of Atlanta, GA
• Byron Brown, Mayor of Buffalo, NY
• Michael B. Coleman, Mayor of Columbus, OH
• Michael B. Hancock, Mayor of Denver, CO
• Nathan Triplett, Mayor of East Lansing, MI
• Karen Majewski, Mayor of Hamtramck, MI
• Annise Parker, Mayor of Houston, TX
• Virg Bernero, Mayor of Lansing, MI
• Paul Soglin, Mayor of Madison, WI
• Bill de Blasio, Mayor of New York City, NY
• Michael Nutter, Mayor of Philadelphia, PA
• William Peduto, Mayor of Pittsburgh, PA
• Michael F. Brennan , Mayor of Portland, ME
• Angel Taveras, Mayor of Providence, RI
• Lovely A. Warren, Mayor of Rochester, NY
• Ralph Becker, Mayor of Salt Lake City, UT
• Ed Murray, Mayor of Seattle, WA
• Marilyn Strickland, Mayor of Tacoma, WA

Two African-American
mayors cause furore
with Ferguson comments

Sacramento / Rochester, 27 November 2014:
Two African-American mayors were criticised by their own police forces after they condemned the decision by a grand jury not to indict a police offer who had shot an unarmed black teenager in Ferguson, Missouri, in August. Sacramento (CA) Mayor Kevin Johnson, who is also the current president of the US Conference of Mayors, called the grand jury’s decision a sad day for America. “When you think about injustice and all the things that have happened over the history of time. This one just doesn’t feel right.” In a Facebook posting Rochester’s (NY) Mayor Lovely Warren wrote that the Ferguson shooting was about a “young, unarmed black man and an authority figure who had little regard for this young man's life.”

The head of the Sacramento police union said that his members were upset with the comments made by Mayor Johnson. He described the mayor’s remarks as a slap in the face to law enforcement across America. “The mayor shouldn’t be disappointed, he should be relieved that the grand jury did not find Wilson (the officer who killed the teenager Michael Brown) acted in a heinous fashion.”

As president of the US Conference of Mayors, Kevin Johnson offered a more measured response to the grand jury verdict, asking the prosecuting attorney to release the full transcript of the grand jury proceedings. But he also repeated that justice would have been better served by an examination of the evidence in a court of law. “America’s mayors strongly believe that there should have been open-court proceedings in the case of the officer-involved shooting of Michael Brown so that the evidence could have been presented in a public forum and a verdict could have been rendered by a jury.”

In Rochester, Mayor Warren’s Facebook posting caused furore with critics asking the mayor that she, as an attorney, should support the judicial system. The brother of a Rochester police officer killed on duty in September was particularly scathing. He asked the mayor whether she stood by her officers or “the animal that murdered his brother”.

On 9 August the black teenager Michael Brown was shot dead by Darren Wilson, a white police officer. According to eyewitnesses, Officer Wilson pursued Michael Brown after an altercation and fired 12 shots, with six hitting the teenager. On Monday, 24 November, an St Louis grand jury decided there was not enough evidence to prosecute the police officer.

Grand juries, which originate in medieval English law, were thought a useful legal tool when private individuals could still bring criminal charges in 18th century America. Jurors would decide whether there was enough evidence to bring an accused to court.

Research by the Washington Post shows that the number of justified police killings in the US has increase from 2.63 per 10,000 violent crimes in 2001 to 3.38 in 2012, even though violent crime fell from 1.9 million to 1.2 million incidents during the same period.

Vancouver mayor
re-elected despite
disappointing voters

Vancouver, 16 November 2014:
There were few surprises in yesterday’s local elections in British Columbia on the Canadian Pacific Coast. As expected Vancouver’s incumbent Mayor Gregor Robertson won a third term, albeit less convincingly than opinion polls had predicted. During the campaign, Kirk LaPointe, the mayor’s principal opponent and former managing editor at the Vancouver Sun, reminded voters of some of the controversies that have surrounded the mayor since he was first elected in 2008. In Surrey, British Columbia’s second-largest city, Linda Hepner will replace Dianne Watts, the still popular incumbent, who decided not to seek re-election.

Gregor Robertson, who, after a number blunders, has sometimes been dubbed ‘the Mayor who likes to say Sorry’ - even late in the election race he apologised for not meeting residents’ expectations - fought an aggressive campaign, accusing his opponent of being reckless, confused and backward. The Mayor has also pledged to serve out his third term and not to contest the 2015 general election.

In Surrey BC, most commentators expected a tight finish between former Mayor Dough McCallum and Linda Hepner, a long-time ally of outgoing Mayor Dianne Watts. At the end Ms Hepner won by a landslide, defeating her opponent by 43,000 to 23,000 votes. Her slate ‘Surrey First’ also won all eight council seats. Mayor-elect Hepner campaigned on continuing the policies that have seen Surrey through massive growth in the last decade. The city of about half a million people southeast of Vancouver is growing at a rate of about 1,000 people a month, with some people predicting it to exceed Vancouver in population in three decades. Dough McCallum, who served three terms as Mayor of Surrey between 1996 and 2005 before being defeated by Dianne Watts, said he would now withdraw from politics.

In Victoria, BC, Councillor Lisa Helps defeated incumbent Mayor Dean Fortins by a mere 89 votes, while in Abbotsford the incumbent Bruce Banman suffered a similar fate at the hands of Councillor Henry Braun.

Canada’s most notorious
mayors are given
short shrift by voters

Toronto, 29 October 2014:
On Monday, 27 October, voters in Canada replaced two of the country’s most controversial mayors as well as its best-loved one. Gone are Toronto’s Rob Ford, who will always be remembered for lying about his use of illegal drugs; Winnipeg’s Sam Katz, who refused to resign even after a city-commissioned report tied him to the over-priced construction of several fire stations; and Mississauga’s 93-year old Hazel McCallion, who did not seek re-election after 34 years in office.

Ms McCallion, nicknamed, ‘Hurrican Hazel’ because of her outspoken political style, has long been Canada’s most respected mayor, even when, in 2011, a judge found that she had acted unethically when pushing for a real estate deal in which her son was involved. She was later cleared of any charges because the project did not progress. During her years in office, Mississauga grew from a collection of small communities at the doorstep of Toronto to Canada’s sixth-largest city. Hazel McCallin was awarded several national and international honours, including the Canadian Order of Merit, the German Order of Merit and runner-up for the 2005 World Mayor Prize. The high esteem, which she still enjoys in Mississauga, helped Bonnie Crombie to win this month’s mayoral election. Ms Crombie and her principal rival, Steven Mahoney, were neck and neck in opinion polls during most of the campaign until, in early October, Bonnie Crombie was endorsed by Hazel McCallion. The endorsement provided her with an almost overnight poll lead of 25 per cent. On Monday, Ms Crombie defeated her rival by 63.5 per cent of the vote to 28.7 per cent.

In neighbouring Toronto, John Tory defeated Douglas Ford, who took over his brother’s candidacy after the incumbent mayor withdrew from the race for health reasons. Mr Tory, who describes himself as a moderate conservative, was supported by Canada’s centre-left Liberal Party but not by Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s ruling Conservative Party. Indeed, the Prime Minister praised the Ford brothers only days before Mayor Rob Ford’s crack cocaine habit became public knowledge. Toronto may have elected a more enlightened mayor but the city is still split between liberals and right-wing conservatives, a situation emphasised by the fact that voters re-elected most die-hard Fordian city councillors.

The size of Brian Bowman’s win in Winnipeg’s mayoral election on 22 October shocked some and surprised many. Prior to election day, the mayor-elect’s main rival Judy Wasylycia-Leis had led in all but one opinion polls and most commentators believed 2014 was her year after she put up a strong fight against Mayor Sam Katz in the 2010 mayoral contest. Then, she won almost 43 per cent of the vote compared to a mere 25 per cent this month. Unlike Wasylycia-Leis, who served in both the national and Manitoba parliaments, Brian Bowman has never held elected office. He will be Winnipeg’s first mayor of aboriginal descent and was supported by Manitoba’s Progressive Conservative Party. His first brush with politics was in Mexico, where, in 1997, he interned in the office of Mexico’s foreign minister. He is said to have briefed the minister on the cross-border flow of professionals under the North American Free Trade Agreement.

In Brampton, Ontario, Linda Jeffrey defeated the sitting Mayor Susan Fennell, whose final term was marred by a spending scandal involving her and members of her administration. An independent report concluded that the mayor and her staff broke spending rules 266 times and alleged that the Ms Fennel accumulated more than CAN$320,000 of questionable expenses. Mayor-elect Linda Jeffrey, a Liberal, was born in Cork, Ireland, and moved to Brampton in 1983. She was a member of Ontario’s legislative assembly from 2007 until 2014 during which time she also occupied a number of ministerial posts.

One of a few success stories for incumbent mayors occurred in Canada’s capital Ottawa, where Mayor Jim Watson was re-elected by 76 per cent of voters. Mr Watson first served as Mayor of Ottawa from 1997 until 2000 when he resigned to become CEO of the Canadian Tourism Commission. In 2003, under the Liberal Party banner, he entered Ontario’s provincial parliament. After the Liberal’s success in the 2007 provincial elections, he was appointed Minister of Municipal Affairs, a post he held until, in 2010, he decided to run again for Mayor of Ottawa. He won that year’s election with almost 50 per cent of the vote.

In other election, Drew Dilkens was elected Mayor of Windsor and Dave Jaworsky Mayor of Waterloo, while in Woolwich Sandy Shantz defeated the incumbent Todd Cowan, who faces a police probe into his expenses claims. Voters in Surrey, British Columbia, will decide on 15 November who will succeed Dianne Watts. Ms Watts has declared her ambition to enter national politics.

Christian conservatives
attack Houston Mayor
over gay equal rights

Houston, 20 October 2014:
Christian conservatives have declared Houston’s Annise Parker America’s most dangerous mayor. Religious websites and right-wing media outlets have accused the mayor, who is openly lebian, of being part of a campaign by ‘radical homosexuals’ to silence Christians. Reverend Jesse Peterson, founder of Brotherhood of a new Destiny, wrote that Mayor Parker wanted to criminalise and censor anyone who spoke out against the ‘perverse LGBT agenda’. The attack on the mayor and her administration followed a subpoena sent to some pastors actively involved in collecting petition signatures against Houston's Equal Rights Ordinance (HERO).

In January of this year, at the beginning of her third term, Mayor Parker announced that the city would pass non-discrimination ordinance that included gender identity and sexual orientation. In her inaugural address she said: “To ensure the full participation of every Houstonian in the business and civic life of this great city, it is time to pass a comprehensive non-discrimination ordinance that adds sexual orientation and gender identity to the protections most Houstonians take for granted.”

HERO bans discrimination among businesses that serve the public, private employers, in housing and in city employment and city contracting. But even though religious institutions are exempt, the ordinance has come under attack from conservative Christians and right-wing politicians. After opponents failed to force a voter referendum against the ordinance, they mounted a legal challenge. Houston has suspended enforcement of the ordinance until the lawsuit is set to be resolved next year.

Earlier this month, lawyers, working for the city, issued subpoenas against a number or religious leaders asking for sight of all communications, including sermons, related to the repeal petition. The inclusion of the word ‘sermon’ enraged opponents of HERO, who accused the mayor of wanting to silence churches.

Before journalists, Mayor Parker admitted that the subpoenas were worded to broadly and that ‘sermons’ should not have been mentioned. "We don't need to intrude on matters of faith to have equal rights in Houston, and it was never the intention of the city of Houston to intrude on any matters of faith or to get between a pastor and their parishioners," Parker said. "We don't want their sermons; we want the instructions on the petition process. That's always what we wanted and, again, they knew that's what we wanted because that's the subject of the lawsuit."

But even dropping sermons from the subpoenas failed to quite her critics. Former Republican Governor of Arkansas and presidential candidate called on ‘every pastor in America’ to send their sermons to Annise Parker. “I hope she gets thousands and thousands of sermons,” he said on his Fox News show. Rev Peterson, meanwhile, accuses Mayor Parker to wanting to allow transgender men to use female toilets.

President Obama and
Governor Brown endorse
mayoral candidates

Washington, 8 October 2014:
Next month, US voters will go to the polls to elect all 435 members of the House of Representatives as well as 30 senators in the 100-seat US Senate. In addition to state gubernatorial and assembly elections, mayoral elections will also be held in some 190 cities. The most watched-out for mayoral contests will take place in Oakland (CA), San Jose (CA) and Washington DC. US President Barack Obama stepped into the Washington campaign by endorsing Democratic councillor Muriel Bowser, while in California, Governor Jerry Brown confirmed his support for Oakland candidate Libby Schaaf, a councillor and former aide to Brown while he himself was Mayor of Oakland from 1999 to 2007.
The Oakland election is contested by 15 candidates including incumbent mayor Jean Quan. While Governor Brown’s endorsement will give Libby Schaaf a boost, she is by no means the front runner. A poll published last month has City Council President Rebecca Kaplan as firm favourite, with Mayor Quan in second place and Schaaf ranked third. The authors of the poll said a lot of Oaklanders liked Councillor Kaplan as a person and now needed to decide whether they wanted her as mayor. The poll’s findings make dismal reading for the incumbent. Just 16 per cent of respondents indicated they would re-elect Jean Quan while 69 per cent said she needed to be replaced. The poll was taken before Governor Brown lent his support to Councillor Schaaf. Brown, who was a popular mayor, is still considered one of the best-liked politicians in the city. But his past endorsements have not carried much weight. In 2010, Brown endorsed former state Senator Don Perata over Jean Quan. In 2006, the candidate he endorsed for mayor also lost.  
In San Jose, California, where incumbent Mayor Chuck Reed is not standing due to term limits, the two candidates are spending record amounts of money to get their messages across. Councillor Sam Liccardo, the top fundraiser in the June primary, has amassed $827,000 since then, beating county supervisor Dave Cortese, who has raised $537,000 after gaining the most votes in the primary. Those totals are set to surpass figures from the June primary and perhaps all-time records for any mayor's race. Liccardo's donors are generally more moderate and include local businesses while Cortese's backers typically lean further left and include public workers and developers. Direct contributions to the candidates is limited to $1,100 from individuals,. But there are a number political action comittees (PACs) that can solicit and spend unlimited funds and already have spent nearly one million dollars on top of the candidates' own fundraising.
A spokesman for Washington DC mayoral candidate Muriel Bowser said US President Obama called her to express his support. He described her as a champion for working and middle-calss families and a passionate proponent of the city. ““As we continue our efforts to move our country’s economy forward, I know I’ll be able to count on Muriel to expand opportunity for all. That’s why I’m asking for you to vote for her in the mayoral election this November,” the President said in a statement. Recent opinion polls have all put Muriel Bowser out in front. In April, Bowser defeated the incumbent mayor, Vincent Gray, in the Democratic primaries.

Mayor makes higher
wages for low-paid
New Yorkers a priority

New York City, 2 October 2014:
Nine months after assuming office, New York’s Mayor Bill de Blasio has fulfilled one of his election pledges by signing an order that will increase the minimum wage of many low-paid workers. The order requires employers benefiting from city subsidies to pay employees at least $13.13 an hour. Retail tenants in city-supported developments will also be required to pay the new minimum wage. A previous attempt by New York’s city council to introduce such a measure was rejected by former mayor Michael Bloomberg.

The mayor’s office anticipates that the new measure will benefit some 18,000 workers within five years, 4,100 of which will be in retail and fast food businesses, that at the moment only pay the New York State minimum wage of $8 an hour. Mayor de Blasio told reporters that to ask national retail chains to pay a decent wage to their workers while they’re receiving a subsidy from the city was eminently fair. Certain city-backed housing developments with high levels of affordability and small businesses with gross income under $3 million are exempt from the order. Manufacturers are also excluded.

The New York’s mayor determination to improve the income of low-paid workers will strengthen efforts by Democrat state senators at Albany to push for a state-wide minimum wage of above ten dollars. Legislation put forward by a group of lawmakers would also allow municipalities in New York State to introduce minimum wages of up 30 per cent higher than the statewide rate. State Governor Andrew Cuomo, who is currently running for a second term, has pledged to support towns and cities that want to set their one minimum wages.

New York Mayor describes
anti-Islam advertisements as
inconsistent with city’s values

New York City, 21 September 2014:
New York’s mayor condemned an anti-Islamic advertising campaign to be launched later this week on city buses. Bill de Blasio described the advertisements as outrageous, inflammatory and wrong. In an interview with the New York Daily News, the mayor said advertisements like that had no place in the city. "These hateful messages serve only to divide and stigmatise when we should be coming together as one city," de Blasio said. The ads, which are being financed by right-wing blogger Pamela Geller, will go up on 100 buses and outside two subway stations.

The central message of the advertisements is that today’s moderate Muslim will be tomorrow’s Jihadist. The ads also compare Hamas, who fought Israel in the latest Gaza conflict, with Islamic State (ISIS) and Al-Qaeda and claims that the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) represented Hamas in North America. One poster depicts a meeting between Adolf Hitler and the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem in 1941 and demands that the US stops all aid to Muslim countries.

Pamela Geller, who provided US$100,000 towards the poster campaign, co-founded the Freedom Defence Initiative and Stop Islamization of America. Both organisations are deemed hate groups in the UK. Geller supports the views of the English Defence League (EDL), saying Britain needed to encourage rational, reasonable groups that opposed the Islamisation of the west. In June 2013 she was scheduled to speak at a EDL rally but was barred from entering the UK. In a ruling the Home Office (Interior Ministry) described Geller as having established anti-Islam hate groups.

New York’s Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) said in a statement that it had no choice but to run the advertisements because of court rulings upholding the First Amendment rights of advertisers to use “demeaning language.”

Toronto’s mayoral rivals
wait for mayor’s brother
to show his colours

Toronto, 19 September 2014:
Campaigning in Toronto’s mayoral and council elections has become a great deal more civilised since it was confirmed that the city’s mayor, Rob Ford, suffered from liposarcoma, a rare but treatable kind of cancer. While until recently the leading candidates did not shy away from personal attacks, they now concentrate on issues. Olivia Chow, the centre-left candidate for mayor who lost her husband to cancer three years ago, reached out to the mayor after he was hospitalised last week. John Tory, the current front-runner, asked Torontonians to show solidarity with the mayor and his family. It remains to be seen whether campaigning will switch back into a higher gear once Rob Ford’s brother Doug, who has declared his candidacy for mayor, starts campaigning.

Latest opinion polls give Doug Ford 28 per cent support, essentially the same number his brother received before he pulled out of the race. The conservative contender John Tory maintains his front-runner position with 43 per cent support. Olivia Chow, with 29 per cent support, is essentially tied with Doug Ford.

Toronto’s commentators are divided over whether the incumbent mayor’s notoriety - he first denied but later admitted using Class-A drugs - or his continuous popularity among ‘Ford Nation’ voters will transfer to his brother. Many believe Doug will be much more issue-focused that his brother. A spokesman for the Chow campaign said voters would see more of a focus on issues, visions and policy solutions. “That’s much more valuable than a three-way screaming match.”

People close to both Ford brothers, have advised Doug to resurrect the old ‘Ford Nation’ and campaign hard against waste in City Hall. They pointed out that ‘Ford Nation’ is no longer the Canadian equivalent of America’s Tea Party but is now made up of largely disenfranchised young male voters rather than the older middle-class homeowners who supported Rob Ford in 2010. Unfortunately for Doug, disenfranchised young men hardly ever bother to go out and vote. Dough Ford is also advised to step out of his brother’s shadow and stress his business background.

John Tory, the current front runner and former leader of the centre-right Progessive Conservative Party of Ontario, contested the Toronto mayorship before. In 2003, he threw his hat in the ring after the incumbent mayor Mel Lastman announced his retirement but was defeated by David Miller, who remained mayor until 2010.

The chances of Olivia Chow, from the centre-left New Democratic Party, winning next month’s elections are now judged as remote after she failed to build on her front-runner status earlier in the year. In April, with 34 per cent support, she was well ahead of both John Tory and Rob Ford. Her advisers tell her now to become more aggressive and challenge John Tory on transport and the environment. “Being anti Rob Ford will no longer be enough.” Olivia Chow’s supporters have been worried for some time that her measured arguments have been drowned out by the more rowdy campaigning style of Tory and Mayor Ford.

Kansas City Mayor says
guns are often more freely
available than fresh food

Kansas City, 12 September 2014:
Kansas City Mayor Sly James has described as madness legislation passed by Missouri’s both houses of parliament that would allow teachers to carry weapons in schools. The state’s Republican controlled House of Representatives and Senate also voted in favour of permitting residents to openly carry guns in public areas and approved a move that would lower the age of obtaining a concealed gun permit from 21 to 19. Commentators pointed out that a 19-year old teenager would be allowed to obtain and carry a gun but not allowed to buy a can of beer in a liquor store.

The mayor’s opposition to relaxing gun control has the backing of the city’s police chief. Darryl Forté said lawmakers should not listen to the National Rifle Association and other gun lovers but to his officers who were working very hard to reduce crime violent crime in Kansas City. “We strive to serve and protect the people of Kansas City and legislation like this makes our job more difficult,” the KCPD chief said. Jackson County public prosecutor Jean Peters Baker added that the Missouri legislature has shown it places a higher regard for politics than public safety.

Flanked Police Chief Forté and Prosecutor Baker, Mayor James told journalists that the bill, which prohibits cities from banning open carrying of guns was going in the wrong direction. “In some neighbourhoods guns are already more readily available than fresh food,” he warned.

Under the legislation, gun owners in Missouri will be able to apply for conceal-and-carry permits at an earlier age after the bill was passed in both the House and Senate. The bill lowers the age to apply for a conceal-and-carry permit from 21 to 19. It also prohibits cities from banning open carry laws and allows teachers and school administrators acting as school protection officers to carry firearms. One of the bill’s sponsors said the purpose of it was to protect the rights of gun owners who have earned the open-carry privilege.

Following passage of the legislation, Missouri will be joining 20 other US states that allow the carrying of firearms in public. Since the shooting of 20 students and six adults at a elementary school in Newton, Connecticut, in 2012, ‘liberal’ states such as New York, California and Connecticut have tightened gun control while some Republican-controlled state have made access to guns easier.

The vast majority
of America’s largest
cities are liberal

Boston, 11 August 2014:
The vast majority of large American cities are fundamentally liberal-leaning. New research conducted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the University of California (UCLA) found that out 51 cities with populations of more than 250,000 only eleven could be described as conservative. Two cities are neutral while the rest are liberal. The researchers named Meza, Arizona, as the country’s most conservative city, while, unsurprisingly, San Francisco emerged as America’s most liberal city. Additional research by City Mayors also showed that while four of the 15 most conservative cities in the US had Democrat mayors none of the 15 most liberal ones were led by Republicans.

The MIT/UCLA research examined the average policy preferences of residents in the 51 US cities with populations exceeding 250,000. The researchers then compared them to the policies of those cities to see if political leanings were reflected in tax burdens and other city operations. "The policies enacted by cities across a range of policy areas correspond with the liberal-conservative positions of their citizens on national policy issues," the authors wrote.

Mesa, a Phoenix-area suburb with a population of about 468,000, easily grabbed the top spot for most conservative city in the country. Oklahoma City and Virginia Beach followed as the next most right-leaning. The research confirmed the status of San Francisco, Washington DC and Seattle as cities as trail-blazing liberal cities.

There has been some criticism of the study’s methodology. Some analysts commented that the research did not urban structure into account. Many of the most conservative cities on this list (e.g. Jacksonville, Las Vegas, Omaha, Oklahoma City, Colorado Springs) are in traditionally mono-centric urban areas, but in the middle of the 20th century annexed large portions of what would be suburban municipalities in other metro areas. Others are purely suburban municipalities (e.g. Mesa, Aurora, Anaheim) that just happen to occupy more land than suburbs usually do. “What would be more interesting is to look at the primary core cities (as defined by the Census Bureau) of, say, the largest 50 or 100 metropolitan areas. Oklahoma City would probably win out.”

Americas most conservative cities and their mayors
Mayor & politics
Mesa, AZ Scott Smith, Republican
Oklahoma City, OK Mick Cornett, Republican
Virginia Beach, VA William Sessoms, Republican
Colorado Springs, CO Steve Bach, Independent
Jacksonville, FL Alvin Brown, Democrat
Arlington, TX Robert Chuck, Independent
Anaheim, CA Tom Tait, Republican
Omaha, NE Jean Stothert, Republican
Tulsa, OK Dewey Bartlett, Republican
Aurora, CO Steve Hogan, Republican
Forth Worth, TX Betsy Price, Independent
Fresno, CA Ashley Swearengin, Republican
Corpus Christi, TX Nelda Martinez, Democrat
San Antonio, TX Julian Castro, Democrat
Nashville, TN Karl Dean, Democrat

America’s most liberal cities and their mayors
Mayor & politics
San Francisco, CA Edwin Lee, Democrat
Washington, DC Vincent Gray, Democrat
Seattle, WA Ed Murray, Democrat
Oakland, CA Jean Quan, Democrat
Boston, MA Marty Walsh, Democrat
Minneapolis, MN Betsy Hodges, Democrat
Detroit, MI Mike Duggan, Democrat
New York, NY Bill de Blasio, Democrat
Buffalo, NY Bryon Brown, Democrat
Baltimore, MD Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, Democrat
Chicago, IL Rahm Emanuel, Democrat
Portland, OR Charlie Hales, Democrat
St Paul, MN Chris Coleman, Democrat
Austin, TX Lee Leffingwell, Democrat
St Louis, MO Francis Slay, Democrat
Philadelphia, PA Michael Nutter, Democrat

Source: MIT and UCLA with additional research by City Mayors

Less than 20 per cent
of America’s cities are
led by women mayors

New York City, 9 July 2014:
Less than 20 per cent of America’s city mayors are women. Following mayoral elections across the US last November, data shows that of 1,351 cities with more than 30,000 inhabitants, only 249, or 18.4 per cent, were led by women. The share of women mayors among very large US cities is even lower. Houston’s Annise Parker is the only woman governing a city with more than one million people. Twenty of America’s 150 largest cities have women at the top (13.3%). Nine of them belong to the Democratic Party, seven are Republicans, while four mayors are non-aligned.

The longest-serving mayor from the group of top-20 female mayors is Laurene Weste from Santa Clarita, California. Mayors, who assumed office this year, include Betsy Hodges (Minneapolis) and Lovely Warren (Rochester).

In 2010, Susan Carroll and Kira Sanbonmatsu presented a paper to Midwest Science Association, which investigates the backgrounds of women mayors and their decision to seek municipal office for the first time. The authors found that while it was generally assumed that women fare well in local politics, the number of women mayors in larger cities had not increased over time.

Women mayors among America’s top 150 cities
Mayor since
Houston, Texas
Annise Parker
Fort Worth, Texas
Betsy Price
Baltimore, Maryland
Stephanie Rawlings-Blake
Las Vegas, Nevada
Carolyn Goodman
Fresno, Californai
Ashley Swearengin
Omaha, Nebraska
Jean Stothert
Raleigh, North Carolina
Nancy McFarlene
Oakland, California
Jean Quan
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Betsy Hodges
Corpus Christi, Texas
Nelda Martinez
Greensboro, North Carolina
Nancy Vaughn
Chula Vista, California
Cheryl Cox
Irving, Texas
Beth Van Duyne
Rochester, New York
Lovely Warren
Tacoma, Washington
Marilyn Strickland
Fontana, California
Acquanetta Warren
Columbus, Georgia
Teresa Tomlinson
Knoxville, Tennessee
Madeline Rogero
Santa Clarita, California
Laurene Weste
Port St. Lucie, Florida
JoAnn Faiella
Dem = Democrat, Rep = Republican, Ind = Independent and non-aligned (Research carried out July 2014)

US mayors take
a stand against
gay-hostile states

Dallas, 26 June 2014:
Mayors from some of the largest US cities defied their state legislators and took a stand in support of same-sex marriage. At this month’s annual conference of the US Conference of Mayors in Dallas, mayors from Arizona, Texas, Ohio, Colorado, Missouri and Georgia - all states that forbid gay marriage - signed up to a resolution that urges US federal courts, including the Supreme Court, to allow American gay and lesbian couples to marry in every state of the nation.

Among the supporters of the resolution were mayors from gay-hostile states such as Greg Stanton, Mayor of Phoenix, Arizona; Annise Parker, Houston, Texas; Kasim Reed, Atlanta, Georgia as well as Francis Slay, St Louis and Sly James, Kansas City, both from Missouri. One of the few Republican mayors who supported the resolution was Kevin Faulconer from San Diego.

A spokesman for the same-sex marriage advocacy group ‘Freedom to Marry’ welcomed the resolution and applauded the mayors for their courageous stance against bigotry. “From small towns to big cities, America’s mayors know that including gay couples in the freedom to marry does nothing but strengthen families and communities for all,” he said.

With its appeal, the US Conference of Mayors has made it clear that it was time for the federal appellate courts and the US Supreme Court to follow the lead of numerous states and a wave of over 20 federal and state courts and bring an end to marriage discrimination nationwide. A year after the Supreme Court demolished the arguments propping up marriage discrimination, it’s time for the Court to finish the job and rule in favour of the freedom to marry once and for all.

Same-sex marriage is legal in California, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington State and the District of Columbia. Final court verdicts in favour of gay marriage are awaited in Utah, Oklahoma, Virginia, Michigan, Idaho, Arkansas, Texas and Wisconsin.

Resolution on the Freedom to Marry
by the US Conference of Mayors
WHEREAS, The United States Conference of Mayors has long stood for full equality for same-sex couples, including endorsing the freedom to marry in 2009; and
2. WHEREAS, since the time of that resolution, support for marriage for same-sex couples has grown to nearly 60 percent nationwide, with majorities in every region of the country and opposition diminishing dramatically; and
3. WHEREAS, today, nineteen states plus the District of Columbia have now ended discrimination in marriage, so that now 44 percent of Americans live in a state where same-sex couples can marry; and
4. WHEREAS, in 2013 the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the core of the so-called Defense of Marriage Act, and in so doing eviscerated justifications for excluding same-sex couples from marriage; and
5. WHEREAS, as of June 17th, 2014, every one of the 15 federal district court judges who has ruled in a marriage case has found that state marriage discrimination violates the US Constitution; and
6. WHEREAS, there continues to be an untenable patchwork imposing great legal uncertainty and hardship on committed same-sex couples in the 31 states that deny their freedom to marry and refuse to respect their lawful marriages, even as the federal government rightly treats these couples as married for federal programs and purposes; and
7. WHEREAS, more than 400 mayors from 39 states and the District of Columbia have so far signed on to be a Mayor for the Freedom to Marry,
8. NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, that The United States Conference of Mayors reaffirms its support of the freedom to marry for same-sex couples and urges the federal courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court, to speedily bring national resolution by ruling in favor of the freedom to marry nationwide.

Resolution submitted by: Greg Stanton, Mayor of Phoenix, AZ; Annise D. Parker, Mayor of Houston, TX; Eric Garcetti, Mayor of Los Angeles; Michael Nutter, Mayor of Philadelphia, PA; Kevin Faulconer, Mayor of San Diego; Christopher Cabaldon, Mayor of West Sacramento; Ed Lee, Mayor of San Francisco; Michael Coleman, Mayor of Columbus, OH; Jonathan Rothschild, Mayor of Tucson; Charlie Hales, Mayor of Portland, OR; Frank Cownie, Mayor of Des Moines; Michael Brennan, Mayor of Portland, ME; Pedro Segarra, Mayor of Hartford, CT; Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, Mayor of Baltimore, MD; Bill de Blasio, Mayor of New York City, NY; Martin J. Walsh, Mayor of Boston, MA; Francis Slay, Mayor of St. Louis, MO; Ed Murray, Mayor of Seattle, WA; Rahm Emanuel, Mayor of Chicago, IL; Bill Harrison, Mayor of Fremont, CA; Michael B. Hancock, Mayor of Denver, CO; Kasim Reed, Mayor of Atlanta, GA; Julián Castro, Mayor of San Antonio, TX; Greg Fischer, Mayor of Louisville, KY; Martin J. Walsh, Mayor of Boston, MA; Toni Harp, Mayor of New Haven, CT; McKinley L. Price, Mayor of Newport News; Mark Kleinschmidt, Mayor of Chapel Hill, NC; Sly James, Mayor of Kansas City, MO

White Americans are
a minority in most of
the largest US cities

Washington DC, 10 April 2014:
While ethnically America is still predominantly White (2), in many of the country’s largest cities people of European ancestry are in a minority. Overall, White Americans make up 63.7 per cent of the US population, Hispanic or Latino Americans account for 16.4 per cent with African Americans on 12.6 per cent. But in 18 out of the 25 largest US cities, White Americans comprise less than half of the population. The cities with largest African American populations include Detroit (83%), Memphis (63%) and Washington DC (51%). El Paso has the largest share of Hispanic Americans (81%), while San Francisco is home to more Asian Americans (33%) than any other large US city.

In Detroit, Memphis and Washington DC African Americans form the majority, while Hispanic Americans account for more than 50 per cent of the populations in El Paso and San Antonio - in Los Angeles, 48.5 per cent of people describe themselves as Latino. In San Francisco and San Jose, both in California, Americans of Asian origin represent almost one third of the total population.

Ethnic make-up of America’s largest cities
Population (1)
Black (3)
Hispanic (4)
Asian (5)
New York City; New York
Los Angeles; California
Chicago; Illinois
Houston; Texas
Philadelphia; Pennsylvania
Phoenix; Arizona
San Antonio; Texas
San Diego; California
Dallas; Texas
San Jose; California
Austin; Texas
Jacksonville; Florida
Indianapolis; Indiana
San Francisco; California
Columbus; Ohio
Fort Worth; Texas
Charlotte; North Carolina
Detroit; Michigan
El Paso; Texas
Memphis; Tennessee
Boston, Massachusetts
Seattle, Washington
Denver, Colorado
Washington, DC
Nashville-Davidson, Tennessee
(1) 2012 data supplied by the US Census Bureau and compiled by City Mayors
(2) 2010 data: White Americans have ethnic origins in Europe but can include people from the Middle East and North Africa
(3) 20210 data: Black or African American have ethnic origins in sub-Sahara Africa.
(4) 2010 data: Hispanic or Latino Americans have ethnic origins in the Latin-speaking countries of Latin America, Portugal and Spain.
(5) 2010 data: Asian Americans have ethnic origins in the Far East, Southeast Asia and South Asia.

World Mayor 2014
26 mayors from across the world are competing for this year’s World Mayor Prize. VOTING CLOSED ON 31 OCTOBER

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