Marbella's disgraced Mayor Marisol Yagüe
Corruption in Spanish local government
The Marbella scandal
Spanish elections 2007
Spanish mayor at the Vatican
The Puebla case
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Marbella awaits new elections after most
local politicians are accused of corruption
By Daniel González Herrera, Spain Editor
16 November 2006: The sleaze scandal, which hit the southern Spanish resort city Marbella in spring 2006, soon proved to be only the tip of a massive corruption iceberg. During the spring operation, codenamed Operation Malaya, the police arrested the city’s mayor and deputy mayor amid allegations of money laundering, property development offences, including building on land protected from development, manipulation of public tenders, the acceptance of bribes as well as schemes to alter the price of municipal services.
During a second investigation, ‘Operation Malaya 2’ new offences came to light, resulting in some 30 city councillors and business people being accused of massive corruption. These accusations were in addition to the arrests made earlier in the year. Then. 29 people were arrested, including Mayor Marisol Yagüe, her deputy, Isabel García Marcos and José Antonio Roca, who was town planning advisor. During the investigation, Judge Miguel Ángel Torres said of Mr Roca that he was the driving force in Marbella City Hall and that the Mayor performed a mere symbolic role. In September 2006, the former mayor and her deputy were released from custody on 60,000-euro bail.
Those arrested as part of ‘Malaya 2’ included the former chief of Marbella’s police Rafael del Pozo and Tomás Reñones, the city’s second deputy mayor. Mr Reñones became acting mayor after the arrest of the mayor and the first deputy mayor. However, his involvement in the scandals became clear during the following-up investigations and Judge Torres ordered his unconditional detention. Tomás Reñones was football player and captain of Atlético de Madrid, the football club owned by the late Jesús Gil, the first of the big corrupted mayors of Marbella and founder of GIL, the political party whose members included the disgraced mayor Marisol Yagüe.
Also arrested during this summer was Julián Muñoz,, another former mayor of Marbella, on charges of bribery and misappropriation of public funds. Mr Muñoz, also a member of the GIL party, became mayor in 2002. During his short term of office he fell publicly out with the all-powerful town planner José Antonio Roca. Mr Roca was dismissed only to organise a ‘coup’ one month later, which resulted in Mayor Muñoz being expelled from City Hall on a vote of censure.
In the latest move in Operation Malaya on 14 November 2006, Mayte Zaldívar, ex-wife of the former mayor of Marbella Julián Muñoz, was detained in her home. She is accused of having helped her former husband to hide the money that he supposedly misappropriated from Marbella City Council. She is not the only one arrested: her brother, five businessmen, a judicial employee and the director of a bank branch are also being detained.
Today, until the forthcoming local elections in May 2007, Marbella is governed by an administrative commission appointed by Malaga’s provincial government.
Marbella: Corruption, sleazy politics
and shady real estate developments
5 April 2006: The southern Spanish city of Marbella, often described as the tourist jewel of Andalusia, is again in the centre of a political scandal, with the mayor and deputy mayor having been arrested amid allegations of bribery and corruption. Since the late Jesús Gil became its mayor in 1991, the city has gained a reputation for corruption, sleazy politics and dubious real estate developments.
The latest scandal has its origin in Operation White Whale (Operación Ballena Blanca). In March 2005, Spain’s national police force set out to put an end to the laundering of profits made from drug trafficking. The examining magistrate, overseeing the operation, allowed phone tapping of some of the suspects. During the recordings, the investigators intercepted another possible case of money laundering, this time related to Marbella City Hall. Judge Miguel Ángel Torres consequently ordered a parallel investigation into possible cases of corruption and bribery.
This investigation, codenamed ‘Operation Malaya’, was overseen by court authorities in Marbella and the public prosecutor’s office against corruption. Investigators soon discovered a structure of companies, which were in a position to carry out illegal activities with potentially million-euro profits. On 29 March 2006, some 150 police officers carried out searches in Marbella City Hall and other municipal offices. Searches were also carried out at the home of Marbella Mayor Marisol Yagüe as well as at addresses in other Spanish cities.
As part of the operation the police froze more than 1,000 bank accounts and seized a large number of valuables among them paintings by Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso as well as luxury cars. The police also took over several large houses, including a small palace in Madrid. The investigators are now examining huge quantities of paper and computer-based records to gain an idea about the spread of the alleged corruption plot. By 31 March, some 21 arrests had been made, including those of the Marbella Mayor Marisol Yagüe and her deputy Isabel García Marco, who had just returned from a honeymoon in Russia. A spokesman for the Andalusia regional government said that more arrests were possible.
The individuals arrested by the police are being investigated of alleged criminal activities such as money laundering, property development offences, including building on land protected from development, manipulation of public tenders, the acceptance of bribes as well as schemes to alter the price of municipal services. Any profits from these activities, which could run into millions of euros, are suspected to be laundered by shady companies, which are often headed by front men to give them some respectability.
Because of the frequency of property development scandals in Marbella, the regional government of Andalusia has stripped the city of its jurisdiction over building projects.
The most prominent person to be arrested in Marbella’s latest scandal is Mayor Marisol Yagüe. A member of the Independent Liberal Group (GIL), she is the first woman to lead the city and heads a coalition administration made up of the PSOE (Socialist Party of Spain), PP (People’s Party) and the regional Pro-Andalusia Party. She took over the post of Mayor in August 2003 after her predecessor, Julián Muñoz (GIL), was censured by the city council. GIL was founded by the late Jesús Gil.
Between 1991 and 2002, GIL had the absolute majority on the city council. In 2002, Mr Gil resigned after numerous financial and influence peddling scandals. Shortly before his resignation Spain’s Supreme Court issued a judgment, barring him from carrying out any public office for 28 years. He was accused of diverting more than 270,000 euro of public funds, belonging to Marbella, to Atlético de Madrid, a football club he managed. Jesús Gil died in Madrid on 14 May 2004.
Jesús Gil was succeeded by Julián Muñoz, whose time in office only lasted a little more than one year. Even a change of mayor did not bring an end to the string of property development scandals. The new mayor was also constantly in the media spotlight because of his association with the Spanish singer Isabel Pantoja. In March 2005, a court in Malaga sentenced Mr Muñoz to six months in prison and barred him from holding a public office for eight years because he allowed illegal building in Banana Beach, an area of Marbella.
In August 2003, Marisol Yagüe became Mayor of Marbella, after councillors from the PSOE and the Pro-Andalusia Party succeeded in a censure vote against Julián Muñoz. The vote was also supported by some members of GIL, who felt more loyal to the party founder than the then mayor.
Marisol Yagüe, who was being described as a populist, was the chosen successor of the disgraced GIL founder Jesús Gil. After her election, she became quickly accused of distancing herself from the people. Visitors had to wait for hours before being allowed into the mayor’s office. She also attracted unfavourable publicity for extended and luxurious holidays.
Mayor Yagüe also became involved in a dispute with a building company working on her own house in an up-market development of Marbella. The company accused her of non-payment of one million euro. The company owner also alleged that Ms Yagüe tried to pay him out of public funds and that the Mayor suggested the use of municipal construction material for her private residence.
Attention of the current investigation is also again focusing on Juan Antonio Roca, advisor on urban development to the city council. It has been said that Mr Roca pulls all the string in Marbella and is the real power in the city after the death of Jesús Gil. Apparently, no major business deal can be done in Marbella without his approval. It has also been suggested that he profits from many such deals. The fortune he amassed during the past 15 years, is said to be one of the largest in Andalusia. Nevertheless, Mr Roca came through the investigation unscathed after Jesús Gil’s fall from grace.
Mayor Gil’s successor, Julián Muñoz, dismissed Juan Roca, believing that he had been too closely linked to too many property scandals. Politically, however, this proved to be a bad mistake. Soon after his dismissal, Juan Roca became the driving force behind the censure vote against the mayor and within two months Marisol Yagüe replaced Julián Muñoz as city leader.
In a sign that the people of Marbella had finally enough of their local politicians, citizens groups, supported by the main political parties, staged a large demonstration on 30 March 2006. It’s motto: ‘For our dignity against corruption’.
Town planner José Antonio Roca, said to have been Marbella's power broker
Marbella is a city in Andalusia, Spain, on the Mediterranean coast, situated in the region of Málaga, beneath the Sierra Blanca. In 2000 the city had 98,800 inhabitants, in 2004, 116,200.
Marbella is an important beach resort of the Costa del Sol. The town is famous for being a favourite destination for wealthy tourists from northern and eastern Europe as well as the Middle East. The area around Marbella is particularly popular with golfers.
During Spain's Islamic rule, Muslims built a castle in the city, and they surrounded it by walls. The name Marbella, which is derived from Marbil-la, dates from this Islamic era. In 1485, the Spanish Crown reconquered the city, and during the centuries that followed, the city grew.
Government dissolves Marbella town council
Madrid, 5 April 2006: Spain’s socialist government dissolved the local council of the Mediterranean resort of Marbella on Tuesday, 4 April, following the arrest of Marbella Mayor Marisol Yagüe, her deputy and 20 other town officials implicated in a multi-billion-dollar corruption scandal last week. The decision, unprecedented in Spain's history, was taken by an extraordinary cabinet meeting. A caretaker administration will run the town until the next nationwide municipal elections, scheduled for May 2007. The dissolution is subject to a number of constitutional steps, which should be concluded by Friday, 7 April.
The country’s deputy prime minister, Maria Teresa Fernandez de la Vega, said the government’s action followed a request from the regional government of Andalucia, in which Marbella is located. “This government will neither tolerate nor support corruption,'' the minister warned.
“The measure is based on the constitution which allows the dissolution of a local body whose management is considered against the general interest and its constitutional obligations," the Deputy Prime explained. She said it was the first time since Spain returned to democracy in 1978 that a government had taken such a step.
Police arrested Mayoress Marisol Yagüe and several councilors on 29 March over charges of embezzlement of public funds, bribery, conspiracy, influence peddling, and illegal price fixing as they probed a long-standing housing boom at the sea resort. Police have seized property worth more than 2.4 billion euro in connection with the probe. About 1,000 bank accounts have been frozen.